Childhood Cancer Survival in England 1990 to 2016

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This dataset includes information regarding survival for children (aged 0 to 14 years) diagnosed with cancer in England from 1990 to 2015, followed up to 31 December 2016. The analyses were carried out using the cohort, period and hybrid approaches.

Complexity

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the UK’s largest independent producer of official statistics and is the recognized national statistical institute for the UK has compiled information of children (aged 0 to 14 years) diagnosed with cancer in England from 1990 to 2015, followed up to 31 December 2016. Dataset includes one year, five-years and 10 years age standardized survival percentage with 95% confidence interval.

Survival varies with age at diagnosis, and the age profile of patients can change over time. To enable comparison of overall survival in the age range 0 to 14 years over long periods of time, age-standardized estimates are calculated as a weighted sum of the age-specific survival estimates. For children, it is conventional to use equal weights for each of the 5-year age groups (0 to 4, 5 to 9 and 10 to 14 years), which is then equivalent to taking the simple arithmetic mean of the age-specific survival estimates.

1. Cohort analysis is a type of medical research used to investigate the causes of disease, establishing links between risk factors and health outcomes.

2. The period approach is used to produce short-term predictions of cancer survival for children diagnosed more recently by using the follow-up data differently. Period analysis deploys the survival experience of all cancer patients who are alive at some point during the most recent calendar period for which follow-up data are available.

3. The hybrid approach is used for short-term predictions when the follow-up data are more recent than the cancer incidence data. This method was used to estimate survival for children diagnosed in 2016.

Date Created

2017-06-29

Last Modified

2017-06-29

Version

2017-06-29

Update Frequency

N/A

Temporal Coverage

1990 to 2016

Spatial Coverage

United Kingdom

Source

John Snow Labs => Office for National Statistics

Source License URL

John Snow Labs Standard License

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Childhood Cancer, Children With Cancer, Kids With Cancer, Prostate Cancer Survival Rate, Pediatric Cancer, Childhood Cancer Awareness, Child Cancer

Other Titles

Cancer Diagnosed in Childhood- Survival Rate of England 1990 – 2016, Children Aged 0 to 14 Years Diagnosed With Cancer in England from 1990 to 2016, Cancer Survival of Children’s in England 1990 to 2016

Name Description Type Constraints
Year_Of_DiagnosisYear in which cancer was diagnoseddate-
MethodParticular procedure for accomplishing or approaching the studystring-
SurvivalOne-year, five-year and ten-year survival durationstring-
Zero_To_Four_Years_Total_PatientsNumber of patients diagnosed with cancer from age 0 to 4 yearsnumberlevel : Ratio
Percent_Zero_To_Four_SurvivalZero to four-year-old children’s age-standardized survival percentagenumberlevel : Ratio
Zero_To_Four_Lower_95pct_CIEstimated range of values which is likely to include an unknown populationnumberlevel : Ratio
Zero_To_Four_Upper_95pct_CIEstimated range of values which is likely to include an unknown populationnumberlevel : Ratio
Five_To_Nine_Years_Total_PatientsNumber of children diagnosed with cancer from age 5 to 9 yearsnumberlevel : Ratio
Percent_Five_To_Nine_SurvivalFive to nine-year-old children age-standardized survival percentagenumberlevel : Ratio
Five_To_Nine_Lower_95pct_CIEstimated range of values which is likely to include an unknown populationnumberlevel : Ratio
Five_To_Nine_Upper_95pct_CIEstimated range of values which is likely to include an unknown populationnumberlevel : Ratio
Ten_To_Fourteen_Years_Total_PatientsTotal number of children from age ten to fourteen year old diagnosed with cancernumberlevel : Ratio
Percent_Ten_To_Fourteen_SurvivalTen to fourteen-year-old children age-standardized survival percentagenumberlevel : Ratio
Ten_To_Fourteen_Lower_95pct_CIEstimated range of values which is likely to include an unknown populationnumberlevel : Ratio
Ten_To_Fourteen_Upper_95pct_CIEstimated range of values which is likely to include an unknown populationnumberlevel : Ratio
Zero_To_Fourteen_Years_Unstandardised_Total_PatientsTotal number of children from age zero to fourteen year old diagnosed with cancernumberlevel : Ratio
Percent_Zero_To_Fourteen_Years_Unstandardised_SurvivalZero to fourteen-year-old children unstandardized survival percentagenumberlevel : Ratio
Zero_To_Fourteen_Unstandardised_Lower_95pct_CIEstimated range of values which is likely to include an unknown populationnumberlevel : Ratio
Zero_To_Fourteen_Unstandardised_Upper_95pct_CIEstimated range of values which is likely to include an unknown populationnumberlevel : Ratio
Zero_To_Fourteen_Years_Age_Standardised_Total_PatientsTotal number of children from age zero to fourteen year old diagnosed with cancernumberlevel : Ratio
Percent_Zero_To_Fourteen_Years_Age_Standardised_SurvivalZero to fourteen-year-old children unstandardized survival percentagenumberlevel : Ratio
Zero_To_Fourteen_Lower_Standardised_95pct_CIEstimated range of values which is likely to include an unknown populationnumberlevel : Ratio
Zero_To_Fourteen_Upper_Standardised_95pct_CIEstimated range of values which is likely to include an unknown populationnumberlevel : Ratio
Year_Of_DiagnosisMethodSurvivalZero_To_Four_Years_Total_PatientsPercent_Zero_To_Four_SurvivalZero_To_Four_Lower_95pct_CIZero_To_Four_Upper_95pct_CIFive_To_Nine_Years_Total_PatientsPercent_Five_To_Nine_SurvivalFive_To_Nine_Lower_95pct_CIFive_To_Nine_Upper_95pct_CITen_To_Fourteen_Years_Total_PatientsPercent_Ten_To_Fourteen_SurvivalTen_To_Fourteen_Lower_95pct_CITen_To_Fourteen_Upper_95pct_CIZero_To_Fourteen_Years_Unstandardised_Total_PatientsPercent_Zero_To_Fourteen_Years_Unstandardised_SurvivalZero_To_Fourteen_Unstandardised_Lower_95pct_CIZero_To_Fourteen_Unstandardised_Upper_95pct_CIZero_To_Fourteen_Years_Age_Standardised_Total_PatientsPercent_Zero_To_Fourteen_Years_Age_Standardised_SurvivalZero_To_Fourteen_Lower_Standardised_95pct_CIZero_To_Fourteen_Upper_Standardised_95pct_CI
1990CohortOne year48482.979.285.926785.480.689.124484.479.288.499583.981.586.199584.281.986.6
1991CohortOne year47082.378.685.524383.578.287.621188.283.091.892484.081.586.292484.782.387.1
1991CohortOne year47082.378.685.524383.578.287.621188.283.091.892484.081.586.292484.782.387.1
1991CohortOne year47082.378.685.524383.578.287.621188.283.091.892484.081.586.292484.782.387.1
1991CohortOne year47082.378.685.524383.578.287.621188.283.091.892484.081.586.292484.782.387.1
1991CohortOne year47082.378.685.524383.578.287.621188.283.091.892484.081.586.292484.782.387.1
1991CohortOne year47082.378.685.524383.578.287.621188.283.091.892484.081.586.292484.782.387.1
1991CohortOne year47082.378.685.524383.578.287.621188.283.091.892484.081.586.292484.782.387.1
1991CohortOne year47082.378.685.524383.578.287.621188.283.091.892484.081.586.292484.782.387.1
1991CohortOne year47082.378.685.524383.578.287.621188.283.091.892484.081.586.292484.782.387.1