Poverty and Shared Prosperity

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This dataset contains data from the World Development Indicators on Poverty and Shared Prosperity presenting indicators that measure progress toward the World Bank Group’s twin goals of ending extreme poverty by 2030 and promoting shared prosperity in every country in a sustainable manner.

Complexity

This dataset contains indicators closely linked to key themes of the Sustainable Development Goals: Goal 1 seeks to end poverty in all its forms everywhere, and Goal 10 focuses on reducing inequality within and across countries. The dataset provides information on (i) global poverty or people worldwide living below the international poverty line (currently $1.90 a day per person in 2011 purchasing power parity terms) and (ii) income consumption and distribution of the poorest 40 percent of the population in each county or the bottom 40 percent.

The basis for measuring both the World Bank and Sustainable Development Goal targets is the same: estimates of household consumption and income derived from more than 1,000 household surveys in 159 countries, available in PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/), the World Bank’s online tool for monitoring global poverty. To ensure comparability across countries, indicators are measured using purchasing power parity exchange rates from the International Comparison Program, which adjust for price differences across countries.

The international poverty line provides a useful global benchmark, but many national governments use poverty measures that are more relevant to their national contexts. Countries define monetary poverty lines using either consumption or income, and national poverty lines typically reflect a threshold below which a person’s minimum nutrition, clothing, and shelter needs cannot be met, consistent with the country’s economic and social circumstances.

Alongside the incidence of poverty measured by national thresholds, countries may also focus on complementary measures that capture the depth and severity of poverty. Similarly, the consumption or income share of the bottom 40 percent is one of the many measures of the distribution of income within a country. Other inequality measures, such as the Gini index or the distribution of consumption or income by quintile, capture different aspects of the income distribution. The indicators in the World Development Indicators database and online tables present several such indicators related to poverty and inequality.

Date Created

2017-01-01

Last Modified

2017-01-01

Version

2017-01-01

Update Frequency

Annual

Temporal Coverage

1993 to present

Spatial Coverage

World

Source

John Snow Labs; World Bank Data Catalog;

Source License URL

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Global Poverty, Poverty Index, Global Income Distribution, Global Income Consumption, Population Below Poverty, Poverty Gap

Other Titles

Urban and Rural Poverty Gap, Poverty Rates at National Poverty Lines, Poverty Rates at International Poverty Lines, Global Distribution of Income or Consumption, Shared Prosperity

NameDescriptionTypeConstraints
CountryCountry with data on world development indicators on poverty and shared prosperitystring-
Population_Below_Poverty_National_YearYear when national poverty headcount ratio was estimateddate-
Population_Below_Poverty_NationalNational poverty headcount ratio is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty lines. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys.numberlevel : Ratio
Population_Below_Poverty_RuralRural poverty headcount ratio is the percentage of the rural population living below the national poverty lines.numberlevel : Ratio
Population_Below_Poverty_UrbanUrban poverty headcount ratio is the percentage of the urban population living below the national poverty lines.numberlevel : Ratio
Poverty_Gap_YearYear when poverty gap at national poverty lines was estimateddate-
Poverty_Gap_NationalPoverty gap at national poverty lines is the mean shortfall from the poverty lines (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of the poverty lines. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.numberlevel : Ratio
Poverty_Gap_RuralRural poverty gap at national poverty lines is the rural population's mean shortfall from the poverty lines (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of the poverty lines. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.numberlevel : Ratio
Poverty_Gap_UrbanUrban poverty gap at national poverty lines is the urban population's mean shortfall from the poverty lines (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of the poverty lines. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.numberlevel : Ratio
Population_Below_Poverty_International_YearYear when poverty headcount international ratio was estimateddate-
Population_Below_2_Per_DayPoverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.90 a day at 2011 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions.numberlevel : Ratio
Population_Below_3_Per_DayPoverty headcount ratio at $3.20 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $3.20 a day at 2011 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions.numberlevel : Ratio
Population_Below_6_Per_DayPoverty headcount ratio at $5.50 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $5.50 a day at 2011 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions.numberlevel : Ratio
Reference_Yeardate-
World_Bank_EstimateGini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution.numberlevel : Ratio
Income_Lowest_10Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles.numberlevel : Ratio
Income_Lowest_20Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles.numberlevel : Ratio
Income_Second_20Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles.numberlevel : Ratio
Income_Third_20Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles.numberlevel : Ratio
Income_Fourth_20Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles.numberlevel : Ratio
Income_Highest_20Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles.numberlevel : Ratio
Income_Highest_10Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles.numberlevel : Ratio
Baseline_YearThe initial year refers to the nearest survey collected 5 years before the most recent survey available, only surveys collected between 3 and 7 years before the most recent survey are considered.date-
Recent_YearThe final year refers to the most recent survey available between 2011 and 2015. Growth rates for Iraq are based on survey means of 2005 PPP$.date-
Annualized_Growth_Bottom_40The growth rate in the welfare aggregate of the bottom 40% is computed as the annualized average growth rate in per capita real consumption or income of the bottom 40% of the population in the income distribution in a country from household surveys over a roughly 5-year period.numberlevel : Ratio
Annualized_Growth_Total_PopulationThe growth rate in the welfare aggregate of the bottom 40% is computed as the annualized average growth rate in per capita real consumption or income of the bottom 40% of the population in the income distribution in a country from household surveys over a roughly 5-year period.numberlevel : Ratio
Mean_Consumption_Bottom_40_BaselineBaseline mean consumption of the bottom 40% or income per capita (2011 PPP $ per day) used in calculating the growth rate in the welfare aggregate of total population.numberlevel : Ratio
Mean_Consumption_Bottom_40_Most_RecentMost recent mean consumption of the bottom 40% or income per capita (2011 PPP $ per day) used in calculating the growth rate in the welfare aggregate of total population.numberlevel : Ratio
Mean_Consumption_Total_Population_BaselineBaseline mean consumption of the total population or income per capita (2011 PPP $ per day) used in calculating the growth rate in the welfare aggregate of total population.numberlevel : Ratio
Mean_Consumption_Total_Population_Most_RecentMost recent mean consumption of the total population or income per capita (2011 PPP $ per day) used in calculating the growth rate in the welfare aggregate of total population.numberlevel : Ratio
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