Central Line Associated Bloodstream Infections

$179 / year

This dataset shows the Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) result in thousands of deaths each year and billions of dollars in the United States from the Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that helps the healthcare community to end CLABSIs. The annual Health Associated Infections (HAI) Progress Reports serves as a reference for national and state prevention progress updates, and for calculating SIRs for each reporting state and facility.

Complexity

A central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is a serious infection that occurs when germs (usually bacteria or viruses) enter the bloodstream through the central line. Healthcare providers must follow a strict protocol when inserting the line to make sure the line remains sterile and a CLABSI does not occur. In addition to inserting the central line properly, healthcare providers must use stringent infection control practices each time they check the line or change the dressing. Patients who get a CLABSI have a fever, and might also have red skin and soreness around the central line. If this happens, healthcare providers can do tests to learn if there is an infection present.

Healthcare providers can take the following steps to help prevent CLABSIs:
– Follow recommended central line insertion practices to prevent infection when the central line is placed, including:
– Perform hand hygiene.
– Apply appropriate skin antiseptic.
– Ensure that the skin prep agent has completely dried before inserting the central line.
– Use all five maximal sterile barrier precautions:
– Sterile gloves
– Sterile gown
– Cap
– Mask
– Large sterile drape

– Once the central line is in place:
– Follow recommended central line maintenance practices.
– Wash their hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based handrub before and after touching the line.
– Remove a central line as soon as it is no longer needed. The sooner a catheter is removed, the less likely the chance of infection.

Each report is based on data reported to (Centers For Disease Control and Prevention) CDC’s National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). Progress is measured using the standardized infection ratio (SIR), a summary statistic that can be used to track HAI prevention progress over time.

Date Created

2015

Last Modified

2016-03-02

Version

1

Update Frequency

Annual

Temporal Coverage

N/A

Spatial Coverage

United States

Source

John Snow Labs; Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (cdc.gov);

Source License URL

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Healthcare Associated Infections, Central Line Associated Bloodstream Infections, CLABSI, Bloodstream Infections, CLABSI Guidelines, HAI Progress Reports, CLABSI Facilities, Health Outcomes, Patient Outcomes

Other Titles

Central Line Associated Bloodstream Infections Reporting by State, HAI Progress Report 2013

NameDescriptionTypeConstraints
StateName of U.S. State, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico.stringrequired : 1
Number_of_Facilities_in_StateIdentifies the number of acute care facilities in a state.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Any_State_Mandate_2012Indicates that whether a legislative or regulatory requirement (“state mandate”) exists or not for acute care hospitals to report data to the state health department or hospital association via NHSN for the given HAI type. The values are "Yes", "No" or "Mid-year Implementation". It indicates that no state mandate existed at the beginning of the reporting period, but was implemented during the reporting period.stringrequired : 1
Any_Validation_2012Indicates that whether the state health department reported the completion of all validation activities. The Values are "Yes", "No" and "YesA". "YesA" indicates that the state also conducted an audit of facility medical or laboratory records prior to July 1, 2013 to confirm proper case ascertainment.stringrequired : 1
Number_of_Facilities_Reporting_2012Identifies the number of facilities reporting in the state for the year 2012.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_Total_2012Identifies the total number of locations reporting in the state for the year 2012.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_ICU_2012Identifies the number of Intensive Care Unit locations reporting in the state for the year 2012.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_Wards_2012Identifies the number of wards locations reporting in the state for the year 2012.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_NICU_2012Identifies the number of Neonatal Intensive care unit locations reporting in the state for the year 2012. Newborn babies who need intensive medical attention are often admitted into a special area of the hospital called the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The NICU combines advanced technology and trained healthcare professionals to provide specialized care for the tiniest patients.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Any_State_Mandate_2013Indicates that whether a legislative or regulatory requirement (“state mandate”) exists or not for acute care hospitals to report data to the state health department or hospital association via NHSN for the given HAI type. The values are "Yes", "No" or "Mid-year Implementation". It indicates that no state mandate existed at the beginning of the reporting period, but was implemented during the reporting period.stringrequired : 1
Any_Validation_2013Indicates that whether the state health department reported the completion of all validation activities. The Values are "Yes", "No" and "YesA". "YesA" indicates that the state also conducted an audit of facility medical or laboratory records prior to July 1, 2014 to confirm proper case ascertainment.stringrequired : 1
Number_of_Facilities_Reporting_2013Identifies the number of facilities reporting in the state for the year 2013.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_Total_2013Identifies the total number of locations reporting in the state for the year 2013.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_ICU_2013Identifies the number of Intensive Care Unit locations reporting in the state for the year 2013.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_Wards_2013Identifies the number of wards locations reporting in the state for the year 2013.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_NICU_2013Identifies the number of Neonatal Intensive care unit locations reporting in the state for the year 2013. Newborn babies who need intensive medical attention are often admitted into a special area of the hospital called the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The NICU combines advanced technology and trained healthcare professionals to provide specialized care for the tiniest patients.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
StateNumber_of_Facilities_in_StateAny_State_Mandate_2012Any_Validation_2012Number_of_Facilities_Reporting_2012Locations_Total_2012Locations_ICU_2012Locations_Wards_2012Locations_NICU_2012Any_State_Mandate_2013Any_Validation_2013Number_of_Facilities_Reporting_2013Locations_Total_2013Locations_ICU_2013Locations_Wards_2013Locations_NICU_2013
Idaho47NoNo12281747NoNo16351988
Vermont16YesYes710901YesYes711911
Alaska26NoNo113111182NoNo103210202
D.C.12YesYes84021136YesYes84520196
Wyoming31NoNo202813150NoNo213213190
North Dakota48NoNo6211146NoNo6221156
Nebraska95NoNo198327506NoNo208226497
Delaware13YesYes8221372YesYes83915222
Iowa122NoYes4883492311NoYes5094513112
Maine41NoYesA225930263YesYes215527253