The Event Definition provides a reusable description of an event; for each of these, the resource also supports a formal description of the event. For example, a ‘monitor-emergency-admissions’ event can be a named event, but also provide a formal description of the event as monitoring for encounters that occur in emergency department locations.
The Event Definition resource is intended to be used to provide a reusable description of events for use by other resources that require event definition, such as subscription. Event Definition is a definition of an event that could occur, whereas Subscription is asking for notification of events when they occur.
Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) is a draft standard describing data formats and elements (known as “resources”) and an application programming interface (API) for exchanging electronic health records. The standard was created by the Health Level Seven International (HL7) health-care standards organization.
Its goal is to facilitate interoperation between legacy healthcare systems, to make it easy to provide healthcare information to healthcare providers and individuals on a wide variety of devices from computers to tablets to cell phones, and to allow third-party application developers to provide medical applications which can be easily integrated into existing systems.
FHIR provides an alternative to document-centric approaches by directly exposing discrete data elements as services. For example, basic elements of healthcare like patients, admissions, diagnostic reports and medications can each be retrieved and manipulated via their own resource URLs (Uniform Resource Locators). FHIR was supported at an American Medical Informatics Association meeting by many EHR (Electronic Health Record) vendors which value its open and extensible nature.