Consumer Food Demand Patterns are Evolving Globally In the past two decades, average per capita incomes have increased around the world, more than doubling in many countries. In addition, the world population is expected to grow by more than one billion people in the next decade, most of whom will reside in low and middle-income countries. This growth in population, combined with rising income levels in developing countries, is expected to increase and change the composition of global food demand over the next couple of decades.
International Food Consumption Patterns can be used to forecast future food supply and demand or to simulate the impacts of various government policies on food demand. This knowledge is crucial in assessing global food needs, trade, and the
demand for associated transportation and infrastructure facilities. For the United States, one of the largest food producers in the world, understanding these factors will help determine the market potential for specific food products in foreign markets.