Practitioner Role covers the recording of the location and types of services that Practitioners are able to provide for an organization. The role, specialty, Location telecom and HealthcareService properties can be repeated if required in other instances of the Practitioner Role. Some systems record a collection of service values for a single location, others record the single service and the list of locations it is available. Both are acceptable options for representing this data.
Where availability, telecom, or other details are not the same across all healthcareservices, or locations a seperate PractitionerRole instance should be created.
Qualifications (from the Practitioner resource) do not imply a Role, but might be considered when an Organization allocates practitioners to roles within their organization, and could provide useful information (such as expiry information) which could need to be tracked in some situations to ensure they continue to be eligible for a specific role.
The Care Team resource is also often used to provide details of a role that a practitioner is allocated to perform, but is usually scoped to a much finer granularity of care, and often within the specific context of a Patient, or functional role (e.g. Crisis planning team). In contrast the PractitionerRole is used in a more general sense to cover all the places that the practitioner is allocated to work (and specific details relevant to that role – such as a specific contact number, or electronic services endpoint).
The practitioner role can be limited to a specific period, after which authorization for this role ends. Note that the represented organization need not necessarily be the (direct) employer of a practitioner.