Practitioner covers all individuals who are engaged in the healthcare process and healthcare-related services as part of their formal responsibilities and this Resource is used for attribution of activities and responsibilities to these individuals. Practitioners include (but are not limited to):
– physicians, dentists, pharmacists
– physician assistants, nurses, scribes
– midwives, dietitians, therapists, optometrists, paramedics
– medical technicians, laboratory scientists, prosthetic technicians, radiographers
– social workers, professional homecare providers, official volunteers
– receptionists handling patient registration
– IT personnel merging or unmerging patient records
– Service animal (e.g., ward assigned dog capable of detecting cancer in patients)
The Resource shall not be used for persons involved without a formal responsibility like individuals taking care for friends, relatives or neighbors. These can be registered as a Patient’s Contact. If performing some action or being referenced by another resource, use the Related Person resource.
The primary distinction between a Practitioner and a Related Person is based on whether:
– The person/animal operates on behalf of the care delivery organization over multiple patients (Practitioner) or,
– Where the person/animal is not associated with the organization, and instead is allocated tasks specifically for the Related Person’s Patient (Related Person).
A standard extension animal species can be used to indicate the species of a service animal.
The Practitioner Role resource provides the details of roles that the practitioner is approved to perform for which organizations (and at which locations, and optionally what services too).
Practitioners are also often grouped into Care Teams independently of roles, where the Care Team defines what specific role that they are fulfilling within the team, and might or might not have actual practitioner role resources created for the practitioner (and in the care team context, the organization the practitioner is representing).