NHS (National Health Services) Stop Smoking Services provide counseling and support to smokers wanting to quit, complementing the use of stop smoking aids (NRT, Zyban and Champix). There are three main pharmacotherapies prescribed for the treatment of smoking dependence in England: Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT), Bupropion (Zyban) and Varenicline (Champix).
The number of prescription items dispensed in England in 2015-2016 was 1.2 million, compared to 2.2 million ten years ago. In 2015-2016, 644 thousand items of NRT (Nicotine Replacement Therapies) and 489 thousand items of Varenicline were dispensed. Bupropion is the least common item, with only 21 thousand dispensed in 2015-2016.
NHS Blackpool had the highest rate of prescription items dispensed by Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), with 52 per 1,000 population. NHS Lincolnshire East and NHS Bradford Districts were the only other CCGs to record rates of over 40 items per 1,000 population (both 42). NHS Bracknell & Ascot, NHS Windsor, Ascot & Maidenhead, and NHS North & West Reading all recorded rates of below 2 items per 1,000 population.