Others titles

  • FHIR Value Set Resource
  • Electronic Health Records Exchange Through FHIR


  • FHIR
  • HL7
  • Medical Terminology
  • Processes Data
  • Processes Information
  • Processes Documentation
  • Health Information Exchange
  • Electronic Health Records
  • FHIR Smart
  • Smart on FHIR

Value Set

A Value Set resource instance specifies a set of codes drawn from one or more code systems, intended for use in a particular context. Value sets are a link between Code System definitions and their use in coded elements.

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Value Sets are used by many resources:

– Value sets use CodeSystem resources by referring to them via their canonical reference.
– Value sets are used in StructureDefinition, OperationDefinition, Questionnaire, and other resources to specify the allowable contents for coded elements, or business rules for data processing
– ConceptMap resources describe mappings between value sets
– Data Requirement data types to specify data processing conditions

A value set has three identifiers:

– ValueSet.id: the logical id on the system that holds the value set – this changes as it moves from server to server (this id, with the server address prepended, is called the ‘literal identity’ of the resource)
– ValueSet.url: the canonical Uniform Resource Locator (URL) that never changes for this value set – it is the same in every copy. The element is named url rather than uri for legacy reasons and to strongly encourage providing a resolvable URL as the identifier whenever possible. Ideally, it should be a literal URL that is the location of the master version of the value set, though this is not always possible
– ValueSet.identifier: A system/value pair that is used to identify the value set in other contexts

A value set may be described as intensional or extensional. The terms intensional and extensional come from the fields of mathematical logic and set theory.

An intensional value set is typically algorithmically defined. That is, the code group is defined as a rule e.g. all codes with the word diabetes in their description. The key benefit of intensional code groups is that they can be dynamically updated. Dynamic updating helps healthcare organizations keep current when new drugs (and their associated codes) become available or codes for diseases and other clinical concepts change. An intensional value set designed to contain all of the drugs in the beta blocker category can automatically receive a new beta blocker’s code as soon as it hits the market.

Extensional value sets, meanwhile, are enumerated lists of codes where each code is listed individually. This gives the author and user of the value set more control over the which codes are in the value set, but there is a greater maintenance burden to ensure that the value set is kept up to date.

About this Dataset

Data Info

Date Created


Last Modified




Update Frequency


Temporal Coverage


Spatial Coverage

United States


John Snow Labs; Health Level Seven International;

Source License URL

Source License Requirements


Source Citation



FHIR, HL7, Medical Terminology, Processes Data, Processes Information, Processes Documentation, Health Information Exchange, Electronic Health Records, FHIR Smart, Smart on FHIR

Other Titles

FHIR Value Set Resource, Electronic Health Records Exchange Through FHIR

Data Fields

Name Description Type Constraints
Concept_NameName of the concept in the FHIR structurestringrequired : 1
Computer_Ready_NameA Computer-ready name (e.g. a token) that identifies the structure - suitable for code generation. Note that this name (and other names relevant for code generation, including element & slice names, codes etc) may collide with reserved words in the relevant target language, and code generators will need to handle this.string-
TypeThe type the structure describes.string-
Dollar_RefThe "$ref" string value contains a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) which identifies the location of the JSON value being referenced.string-
DescriptionA free text natural language description of the structure and its usestring-
ItemsThe value of the keyword should be an object or an array of objects. If the keyword value is an object, then for the data array to be valid each item of the array should be valid according to the schema in this value.string-
EnumThe value of the keyword should be an array of unique strings. The data object to be valid should contain all properties with names equal to the elements in the keyword value.string-
RequiredThe value of the keyword should be an array of unique strings. The data object to be valid should contain all properties with names equal to the elements in the keyword value.string-
ConstThe value of this keyword can be anything. The data is valid if it is deeply equal to the value of the keyword.string-

Data Preview

Concept NameComputer Ready NameTypeDollar RefDescriptionItemsEnumRequiredConst
ValueSetresourceTypeThis is a ValueSet resourceValueSet
ValueSetid#/definitions/idThe logical id of the resource as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned this value never changes.
ValueSetmeta#/definitions/MetaThe metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the resource.
ValueSetimplicitRules#/definitions/uriA reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed and which must be understood when processing the content. Often this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc.
ValueSet_implicitRules#/definitions/ElementExtensions for implicitRules
ValueSetlanguage#/definitions/codeThe base language in which the resource is written.
ValueSet_language#/definitions/ElementExtensions for language
ValueSettext#/definitions/NarrativeA human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it "clinically safe" for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety.
ValueSetcontainedarrayThese resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope.{'$ref': '#/definitions/ResourceList'}
ValueSetextensionarrayMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.{'$ref': '#/definitions/Extension'}