Anophelines Database in Africa

$179 / year

This dataset contains 13,465 unique survey locations where anophelines were sampled in the Afrotropical Region south of the Sahara from 1898 to 2016. This database is useful in understanding the distribution of anopheline vectors of malaria which is an important prelude in the designing of national malaria control and elimination programmes.

Complexity

This dataset presents an assembly of geocoded anopheline species data abstracted from survey reports published since 1900 across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and its offshore islands that have yet to eliminate malaria. The geocoded inventory of anopheline species in SSA covers over 13,000 locations and represents the most spatially comprehensive description of dominant and secondary malaria vectors in Africa to-date.

This dataset contains 13,331 unique, geocoded survey locations of anopheline vector occurrence between 1898 and 2016. A total of 12,204 (92%) sites reported the presence of 10 dominant vector species/sibling species; 4,473 (37%) of these sites were sampled since 2005. 4,442 (33%) sites reported at least one of 13 possible secondary vector species; 1,107 (25%) of these sites were sampled since 2005.

This is the largest ever geocoded database of anophelines in Africa, representing a legacy dataset for future updating and identification of knowledge gaps at national levels. The most recent geocoded inventory of anophelines in Africa focused only on dominant vectors, published and contemporary data sources.

The geocoded database is available on Harvard Dataverse as a reference source for African national malaria control programmes planning their future control and elimination strategies and original source materials have been provided to the Global Malaria Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO). These data are therefore available to every national malaria agency responsible for the future control or elimination of malaria across SSA. This dataset is also available to national academic counterparts to malaria programmes in SSA interested in vector species niche mapping. This information can be used to plan an effective control program.

The Vectors Database, which includes all the data that support the findings of this study, are available from the Kenyan Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) Wellcome Trust Research Programme’s Population Health Dataverse, http:// dx.doi.org/10.7910/DVN/NQ6CUN (Snow, 2017), under a CC-BY 4.0 license.

Date Created

2017-07-15

Last Modified

2017-07-19

Version

2017-07-19

Update Frequency

Never

Temporal Coverage

1898 to 2016

Spatial Coverage

Africa

Source

John Snow Labs => Harvard Dataverse, Population Health Dataverse

Source License URL

John Snow Labs Standard License

Source License Requirements

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Source Citation

Snow, Robert W. (Kenya Medical Research Institute-Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya; 4. Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, UK).

Keywords

Malaria, Anopheline Vectors of Malaria, Anopheles Gambiae, Anophelines in Africa, Causes of Malaria, Malaria Parasite, Malaria Mosquito, Malaria in Africa, Malaria Vectors

Other Titles

Distribution of Anopheline Vectors of Malaria, Location of Anopheline Vectors in Africa, Africa Vectors Database:1898-2016, Database of Anophelines in Africa

NameDescriptionTypeConstraints
CountryThe country where geo-code and map malaria parasite and vector surveys were undertaken across Africa, south of the Sahara was geocodedstring-
Global_Administrative_Unit_Layers_1string-
Global_Administrative_Unit_Layers_2string-
Full_NameFull name of the municipality where geo-code and map malaria parasite and vector surveys were undertaken across Africa, south of the Sahara was geocodedstring-
LatitudeLatitude where geo-code and map malaria parasite and vector surveys were undertaken across Africa, south of the Sahara was geocoded-
LongitudeLongitude where geo-code and map malaria parasite and vector surveys were undertaken across Africa, south of the Sahara was geocoded-
Latitude_Longitude_SourceReported locations of vectors from published and unpublished sourcesstring-
Year_StartStart year when the occurrence of geocoded survey locations of the anopheline vector/s was/were recorded (1898)date-
Year_EndEnd year when the occurrence of geocoded survey locations of the anopheline vector/s was/were recorded (2016)date-
Is_Anopheles_Gambiae_ComplexIf vector is Anopheles gambiaeboolean-
Is_Anopheles_Gambiae_Sensu_StrictoIf vector is Anopheles gambiae senso strictoboolean-
Is_Anopheles_Colluzzi_or_Mopti_FormsIf Anopheles gambiae ss chromosomes are in M forms, Anopheles colluzi or Mopti formsboolean-
Is_Savanah_or_Bamako_FormsIf Anopheles gambiae ss chromosomes are in S form, Savanah or Bamako formsboolean-
Is_Anopheles_ArabiensisIf vector is Anopheles arabiensisboolean-
Is_Anopheles_MelasIf vector is Anopheles melasboolean-
Is_Anopheles_MerusIf vector is Anopheles merusboolean-
Is_Anopheles_BwambaeIf vector is Anopheles bwambaeboolean-
Is_Anopheles_Funestus_Sensu_LatoIf vector is Anopheles funestus sensu latoboolean-
Is_Anopheles_Funestus_Sensu_StrictoIf vector is Anopheles funestus sensu strictoboolean-
Is_Anopheles_RivulorumIf vector is Anopheles rivulorumboolean-
Is_Anopheles_LeesoniIf vector is Anopheles leesoniboolean-
Is_Anopheles_ParensisIf vector is Anopheles parensisboolean-
Is_Anopheles_VaneedeniIf vector is Anopheles vaneedeniboolean-
Is_Anopheles_Nili_Sensu_LatoIf vector is Anopheles nili sensu latoboolean-
Is_Anopheles_Moucheti_Sensu_LatoIf vector is Anopheles moucheti sensu latoboolean-
Is_Anopheles_PharoensisIf vector is Anopheles pharoensisboolean-
Is_Anopheles_HancockiIf vector is Anopheles hancockiboolean-
Is_Anopheles_MascarensisIf vector is Anopheles mascarensisboolean-
Is_Anopheles_MarshalliIf vector is Anopheles marshalliboolean-
Is_Anopheles_SquamousIf vector is Anopheles squamousboolean-
Is_Anopheles_WellcomeiIf vector is Anopheles wellcomeiboolean-
Is_Anopheles_RufipesIf vector is Anopheles rufipesboolean-
Is_Anopheles_Coustani_Sensu_LatoIf vector is Anopheles coustani sensu latoboolean-
Is_Anopheles_ZiemanniIf vector is Anopheles ziemanniboolean-
Is_Anopheles_PaludisIf vector is Anopheles paludisboolean-
Adults_LarvaeVector form if adults, larvae or unknownstring-
Sampling_MethodsSampling methods that include Animal Bait Catches (ABC), Bednet traps, CDC light traps, Human/Night Bait Catches (HBC/NBC) (may be within a double-sided net), Human Landing Catches (HLC), Night Bait Catches (NBC), Indoor resting (IR) (Often written as room searches, aspirators or hand catches indoors), Outdoor sampling (OS), Larval Collections (LC), Exit traps, Pyrethrum Spray Catches (PSC) and Ifakara Tent Traps (ITT)string-
Species_IdentificationSpecies identification methods that include Chromosome Banding Sequencing (CBS), DNA probes (DNA), Morphology (M), and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)string-
Other_Sib_Species_NamesOther species name identified from the locationsstring-
Other_Anopheline_SpeciesOther anopheline species recorded identified from the locationsstring-
Source_TitleSource title or bibliographies of identified sources of information that include publications and unpublished and published reportsstring-
CountryGlobal_Administrative_Unit_Layers_1Global_Administrative_Unit_Layers_2Full_NameLatitudeLongitudeLatitude_Longitude_SourceYear_StartYear_EndIs_Anopheles_Gambiae_ComplexIs_Anopheles_Gambiae_Sensu_StrictoIs_Anopheles_Colluzzi_or_Mopti_FormsIs_Savanah_or_Bamako_FormsIs_Anopheles_ArabiensisIs_Anopheles_MelasIs_Anopheles_MerusIs_Anopheles_BwambaeIs_Anopheles_Funestus_Sensu_LatoIs_Anopheles_Funestus_Sensu_StrictoIs_Anopheles_RivulorumIs_Anopheles_LeesoniIs_Anopheles_ParensisIs_Anopheles_VaneedeniIs_Anopheles_Nili_Sensu_LatoIs_Anopheles_Moucheti_Sensu_LatoIs_Anopheles_PharoensisIs_Anopheles_HancockiIs_Anopheles_MascarensisIs_Anopheles_MarshalliIs_Anopheles_SquamousIs_Anopheles_WellcomeiIs_Anopheles_RufipesIs_Anopheles_Coustani_Sensu_LatoIs_Anopheles_ZiemanniIs_Anopheles_PaludisAdults_LarvaeSampling_MethodsSpecies_IdentificationOther_Sib_Species_NamesOther_Anopheline_SpeciesSource_Title
KenyaEasternMbeereGategi-0.748237.4246GPS20042004truefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsetruefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsetruefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalseAdultsUnknownMDVBD Archives
KenyaNyanzaGuchaRiamo swamp-0.869234.7086GPS20062006truefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalseLarvaeLCMDVBD Archives
KenyaNyanzaGuchaSengera-0.927734.7198GPS20072007truefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalseAdultsUnknownMDVBD Archives
KenyaEasternMakueniNzoila-2.576738.1513GPS20052006truefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsetruefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalseAdultsUnknownMDVBD Archives
KenyaNyanzaCentral KisiiIgemo-0.572534.7952GPS20082008truefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalseLarvaeLCMDVBD Archives
KenyaWesternBungomaLutonyi0.773734.6931GPS20052005truefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsetruefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalseAdultsUnknownMDVBD Archives
KenyaEasternMakueniMitamboni-2.599238.1384GPS20052006truefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsetruefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalseAdultsUnknownMDVBD Archives
KenyaNyanzaGuchaItumbe-0.766734.7833GeoNames20072007truefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalseAdultsUnknownMDVBD Archives
KenyaRift ValleyBaringoLoboi0.355236.0643GPS20092009falsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsetruefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalseAdultsUnknownMDVBD Archives
KenyaNyanzaGuchaEmenwa Mosasa-0.822334.8239GPS20072007truefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalsefalseAdultsUnknownMDVBD Archives