ARDI Years of Potential Life Lost due to Alcohol Use

$79 / year

This dataset provides national and state estimates of alcohol related health impacts, including deaths and years of potential life lost (YPLL). These estimates are calculated for 54 acute and chronic causes using alcohol attributable fractions, and are reported by age and sex for 2006-2010. This dataset estimates the total number of alcohol related years of life lost resulting from premature death.

Complexity

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) convened a scientific workgroup comprised of experts on alcohol and health to guide the development of the ARDI application. One of the group’s tasks was to select alcohol related causes of death based on ones that were previously examined in meta-analyses. Some causes (e.g., tuberculosis, pneumonia, and hepatitis C) were not included in this version of ARDI because suitable pooled relative risk estimates or alcohol attributable fractions (AAF) were not available for them at the time the work group convened.

Excessive alcohol consumption, the fourth leading preventable cause of death in the United States, resulted in approximately 88,000 deaths and 2.5 million years of potential life lost (YPLL) annually during 2006–2010 and cost an estimated $223.5 billion in 2006. To estimate state-specific average annual rates of alcohol attributable deaths (AAD) and YPLL caused by excessive alcohol use, different states analyzed 2006–2010 data (the most recent data available) using the CDC Alcohol Related Disease Impact (ARDI) application.

YPLL is calculated by multiplying age- and sex-specific average annual estimates of alcohol attributable deaths due to the 54 conditions included in the ARDI application (e.g., alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver) by age- and sex-specific 5-year average annual estimates of years of life remaining from the National Center for Health Statistics. Since YPLL is based on the age at death, the YPLL for a particular cause of death are directly related to the age distribution of persons who typically die of that condition. As a result, YPLL generally tends to be higher for causes of death that disproportionately affect youth and young adults (e.g., motor-vehicle traffic deaths) and lower for causes that primarily affect older adults (e.g., ischemic heart disease).

The findings for this dataset are subject to the following seven limitations:
– ARDI exclusively uses the underlying cause of death and does not consider contributing causes that might be alcohol related.
– ARDI does not include AAD estimates for several causes (e.g., tuberculosis) for which excessive alcohol use is believed to be an important risk factor.
– The alcohol data used to calculate AAF estimates were based on self-reports and might underestimate the actual prevalence of excessive alcohol use.
– State estimates calculated in this study might be different than those available in the ARDI application.
– National AAF data were used, even though studies suggest that there are important state differences in AAF for some causes of alcohol attributable deaths.
– AAD and YPLL rates could not be calculated for some age and race/ethnicity categories because of the small number of AAD in some of these groups.

The Community Preventive Services Task Force has recommended several population-level, evidence-based strategies to reduce excessive drinking and related harms, including:
– Increasing the price of alcohol
– Limiting alcohol outlet density
– Holding alcohol retailers liable for harms related to the sale of alcoholic beverages to minors and intoxicated patrons.

Routine monitoring of alcohol attributable health outcomes, including deaths and YPLL, in states could support the planning and implementation of evidence-based prevention strategies to reduce excessive drinking and related harms.

Date Created

2017-06-28

Last Modified

2017-09-08

Version

2017-09-08

Update Frequency

Annual

Temporal Coverage

2006-2010

Spatial Coverage

United States

Source

John Snow Labs => Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Source License URL

John Snow Labs Standard License

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Alcohol Use, Alcohol Attributable Deaths, Years of Potential Life Lost, Alcohol-Related Disease Impact, Causes of Death, Alcohol Related Health Impacts, Alcohol Attributable Fractions

Other Titles

National and State Estimates for Years of Potential Life Lost in US due to Alcohol Use, Number of Years of Potential Life Lost due to Alcohol Use

Name Description Type Constraints
State_AbbreviationTwo-character postal abbreviation for state name.stringrequired : 1
StateIt represents the full name of different US States.stringrequired : 1
Consumption_Pattern_of_AlcoholRefers to the consumption pattern according to which alcohol is used by the individuals.stringrequired : 1 enum : Array
Effects_CategoryIt refers to the category of effects over health.stringrequired : 1 enum : Array
Condition_TypeIt identifies the cause type of disease condition.stringrequired : 1 enum : Array
Disease_ConditionIt refers to the disease contition over health.stringrequired : 1
GenderIt identifies the gender of the patients.stringrequired : 1 enum : Array
Age_CategoryIt refers to the age category of the patients.stringrequired : 1 enum : Array
Age_GroupIt refers to the range for age of the patient.stringrequired : 1
Data_ValueIdentifies the actual value of the data.string-
Location_IDRefers to the location identity.integerlevel : Nominal
Class_IDRefers to the class identitystringrequired : 1 enum : Array
Effect_IDRefers to the effect identity.stringrequired : 1
Condition_IDRefers to the condition identity.stringrequired : 1
Stratification_ID1Refers to the stratification identity.stringrequired : 1
Age_Category_IDIdentifies the sampling identity of the population.stringrequired : 1
Stratification_ID2Identifies the sampling sub identity of the population.stringrequired : 1
State_AbbreviationStateConsumption_Pattern_of_AlcoholEffects_CategoryCondition_TypeDisease_ConditionGenderAge_CategoryAge_GroupData_ValueLocation_IDClass_IDEffect_IDCondition_IDStratification_ID1Age_Category_IDStratification_ID2
IDIdahoAny UseHarmful EffectsAcute HomicideMaleOther65+16ACUTEHARMEFFHOMICIGENMAGECAT1AGEGRP5
IAIowaAny UseHarmful EffectsAcute DrowningMaleOther65+919ACUTEHARMEFFDROWNIGENMAGECAT1AGEGRP5
IAIowaAny UseHarmful EffectsAcute HomicideMaleOther65+819ACUTEHARMEFFHOMICIGENMAGECAT1AGEGRP5
IAIowaAny UseBeneficial EffectsAcute SuicideMaleOther65+19ACUTEBENEFFSUICIDGENMAGECAT1AGEGRP5
MEMaineAny UseHarmful EffectsAcute HomicideMaleOther65+23ACUTEHARMEFFHOMICIGENMAGECAT1AGEGRP5
OHOhioAny UseBeneficial EffectsAcute SuicideMaleOther65+39ACUTEBENEFFSUICIDGENMAGECAT1AGEGRP5
UTUtahAny UseHarmful EffectsAcute DrowningMaleOther65+551ACUTEHARMEFFDROWNIGENMAGECAT1AGEGRP5
UTUtahAny UseHarmful EffectsAcute HomicideMaleOther65+851ACUTEHARMEFFHOMICIGENMAGECAT1AGEGRP5
UTUtahAny UseHarmful EffectsAcute SuicideMaleOther65+8751ACUTEHARMEFFSUICIDGENMAGECAT1AGEGRP5
UTUtahAny UseBeneficial EffectsAcute SuicideMaleOther65+51ACUTEBENEFFSUICIDGENMAGECAT1AGEGRP5