CDC State System E-Cigarette Legislation About Youth Access

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This dataset includes information over State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System houses current and historical state-level legislative data on tobacco use prevention and control policies.

Complexity

The data for this dataset is provided by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health (OSH). Data are reported on a quarterly basis. It includes information related to restrictions, enforcement and penalties associated with the sale of e-cigarettes to youth through retail sales and vending machines.

In the United States, tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease, disability, and death. More than 480,000 people die prematurely in the United States annually and another 16 million have a serious illness caused by smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke. Each year, smoking costs the United States nearly $170 billion in direct medical costs and more than $156 billion in lost productivity.

An E-Cigarette is any electronic device that can be used to deliver nicotine or other substances to the person inhaling from the device, including—but not limited to—electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), e-cigars, e-pipes, e-hookahs, vape pens, and other electronic nicotine delivery systems. E-cigarettes are now the most commonly used tobacco product among youth. In the United States, youth are more likely than adults to use e-cigarettes. In 2016, more than 2 million U.S. middle and high school students used e-cigarettes in the past 30 days, including 4.3% of middle school students and 11.3% of high school students.

E-cigarettes have long-term health effects and most e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which has known health effects. Besides being highly addictive, Nicotine is toxic to developing fetuses. It can harm adolescent brain development, which continues into the early to mid-20s. Nicotine is a health danger for pregnant women and their developing babies. E-cigarette aerosol can contain substances which includes cancer-causing chemicals and tiny particles that reach deep into lungs. E-cigarettes can also cause unintended injuries. Defective e-cigarette batteries have caused fires and explosions, some of which have resulted in serious injuries. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) collects data to help address this issue. In addition, acute nicotine exposure can be toxic. Children and adults have been poisoned by swallowing, breathing, or absorbing e-cigarette liquid through their skin or eyes.

As of June 30, 2017, 46 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands have passed legislation prohibiting the sale of e-cigarettes to minors. Four states (Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, and Pennsylvania) do not have any legislation requiring a minimum age restriction on the purchase of e-cigarettes.

As of June 30, 2017, fifteen states (Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, Montana, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont and Washington), the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Virgin Islands have passed legislation that requires a retail license to sell e-cigarettes over-the-counter. In Maryland, the licensure law becomes effective on October 1, 2017.

Date Created

2015-05-04

Last Modified

2017-10-02

Version

2017-10-02

Update Frequency

Quarterly

Temporal Coverage

1995-2017

Spatial Coverage

United States

Source

John Snow Labs => Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Source License URL

John Snow Labs Standard License

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Tobacco Use, Tobacco Use Prevention and Control Policies, E-Cigarette, State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE), Sale of E-Cigarettes to Youth

Other Titles

E-Cigarette Legislation Regarding Youth Access to Tobacco Products, Restrictions, Enforcement and Penalties Over Sale of E-Cigarettes to Youth

Name Description Type Constraints
YearYear in which the survey had been conducted.daterequired : 1
QuarterThe specific quarter of the year in which the survey had been conducted.integerrequired : 1 level : Ordinal
State_AbbreviationIt indicates the abbreviation of different locations and states.stringrequired : 1
StateIt includes the description of different locations and states.stringrequired : 1
Measure_DescriptionIt includes different measure description.stringrequired : 1 enum : Array
Provision_Group_DescriptionRefers to the group for different provision description.stringrequired : 1 enum : Array
Provision_DescriptionRefers to the Provision description for different states.stringrequired : 1
Provision_ValueIt includes the provision value for states.stringrequired : 1
CitationCitations should supply detail to identify the item uniquely.string-
Data_TypeRefers to the type of different data values.stringenum : Array
CommentsIt includes the pertaining to legislation (additional details).string-
Enacted_DateRefers to the date of legislation enaction.date-
Effective_DateDate this legislation becomes effective.date-
LatitudeGeographical Location Latitude coordinates from where the data was collectedrequired : 1
LongitudeGeographical Location Longitude coordinates from where the data was collectedrequired : 1
Display_OrderIt refers to the order of display.integerrequired : 1 level : Ordinal
Measure_IdIt indicates the measure identifier which consists of alphanumeric code.stringrequired : 1
Provision_Group_IDIt refers to the Provision Group Identifier which also consists of alphanumeric codes.stringrequired : 1
Provision_IDIt includes the Provision Idenfier number.integerrequired : 1 level : Nominal
YearQuarterState_AbbreviationStateMeasure_DescriptionProvision_Group_DescriptionProvision_DescriptionProvision_ValueCitationData_TypeCommentsEnacted_DateEffective_DateLatitudeLongitudeDisplay_OrderMeasure_IdProvision_Group_IDProvision_ID
20062GUGuamE-Cigarette SalesEnforcementEnforcement (Type)No Provision13.444304144.79373171021ECT50GRP514
20132GUGuamE-Cigarette SalesEnforcementEnforcement (Type)No Provision13.444304144.79373171021ECT50GRP514
20063GUGuamE-Cigarette SalesEnforcementEnforcement (Type)No Provision13.444304144.79373171021ECT50GRP514
20133GUGuamE-Cigarette SalesEnforcementEnforcement (Type)No Provision13.444304144.79373171021ECT50GRP514
20093GUGuamE-Cigarette SalesEnforcementEnforcement (Type)No Provision13.444304144.79373171021ECT50GRP514
20112GUGuamE-Cigarette SalesEnforcementEnforcement (Type)No Provision13.444304144.79373171021ECT50GRP514
20084GUGuamE-Cigarette SalesEnforcementEnforcement (Type)No Provision13.444304144.79373171021ECT50GRP514
20121GUGuamE-Cigarette SalesEnforcementEnforcement (Type)No Provision13.444304144.79373171021ECT50GRP514
20123GUGuamE-Cigarette SalesEnforcementEnforcement (Type)No Provision13.444304144.79373171021ECT50GRP514
20091GUGuamE-Cigarette SalesEnforcementEnforcement (Type)No Provision13.444304144.79373171021ECT50GRP514