The data for this dataset is provided by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health (OSH). Data are reported on a quarterly basis. It includes information related to restrictions, enforcement and penalties associated with the sale of e-cigarettes to youth through retail sales and vending machines.
In the United States, tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease, disability, and death. More than 480,000 people die prematurely in the United States annually and another 16 million have a serious illness caused by smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke. Each year, smoking costs the United States nearly $170 billion in direct medical costs and more than $156 billion in lost productivity.
An E-Cigarette is any electronic device that can be used to deliver nicotine or other substances to the person inhaling from the device, including—but not limited to—electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), e-cigars, e-pipes, e-hookahs, vape pens, and other electronic nicotine delivery systems. E-cigarettes are now the most commonly used tobacco product among youth. In the United States, youth are more likely than adults to use e-cigarettes. In 2016, more than 2 million U.S. middle and high school students used e-cigarettes in the past 30 days, including 4.3% of middle school students and 11.3% of high school students.
E-cigarettes have long-term health effects and most e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which has known health effects. Besides being highly addictive, Nicotine is toxic to developing fetuses. It can harm adolescent brain development, which continues into the early to mid-20s. Nicotine is a health danger for pregnant women and their developing babies. E-cigarette aerosol can contain substances which includes cancer-causing chemicals and tiny particles that reach deep into lungs. E-cigarettes can also cause unintended injuries. Defective e-cigarette batteries have caused fires and explosions, some of which have resulted in serious injuries. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) collects data to help address this issue. In addition, acute nicotine exposure can be toxic. Children and adults have been poisoned by swallowing, breathing, or absorbing e-cigarette liquid through their skin or eyes.
As of June 30, 2017, 46 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands have passed legislation prohibiting the sale of e-cigarettes to minors. Four states (Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, and Pennsylvania) do not have any legislation requiring a minimum age restriction on the purchase of e-cigarettes.
As of June 30, 2017, fifteen states (Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, Montana, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont and Washington), the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Virgin Islands have passed legislation that requires a retail license to sell e-cigarettes over-the-counter. In Maryland, the licensure law becomes effective on October 1, 2017.