Changes in State Specific SIRs for CLABSI All Locations 2012-2013

$179 / year

The Standardized Infection Ratio (SIR) is a statistic used to track healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) over time, at a national, state, or facility level. The SIR compares the actual number of healthcare-associated infections at each hospital, to the predicted number of infections. The predicted number is an estimate based on national baseline data, and it is risk adjusted. Risk adjustment takes into account that some hospitals treat sicker patients than others.

Complexity

A central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is a serious infection that occurs when germs (usually bacteria or viruses) enter the bloodstream through the central line. Healthcare providers must follow a strict protocol when inserting the line to make sure the line remains sterile and a CLABSI does not occur. In addition to inserting the central line properly, healthcare providers must use stringent infection control practices each time they check the line or change the dressing. Patients who get a CLABSI have a fever, and might also have red skin and soreness around the central line. If this happens, healthcare providers can do tests to learn if there is an infection present.

The Standardized Infection Ratio (SIR) is a statistic used to track healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) over time, at a national, state, or facility level. lower SIRs are better.

If the SIR is 1, then the number of actual infections is the same as the number of predicted infections.
If the SIR is less than 1, then the number of actual infections is less than the number of predicted infections.
If the SIR is greater than 1, then the number of actual infections is greater than the number of predicted infections.
Usually, a low SIR reflects the results of robust HAI prevention strategies. These scenarios are exciting, and CDC is working with facilities and states to learn and share best practices.

Date Created

2015

Last Modified

2016-03-02

Version

1

Update Frequency

Annual

Temporal Coverage

N/A

Spatial Coverage

United States

Source

John Snow Labs; Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (cdc.gov);

Source License URL

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Health Outcomes, Patient Outcomes, Healthcare Associated Infections, Standardized Infection Ratios for CLABSI, Central Line Associated Bloodstream Infections, CLABSI, Bloodstream Infections, CLABSI Guidelines, HAI Progress Reports, CLABSI Facilities

Other Titles

SIRs for CLABSI, HAI Progress Report 2013

NameDescriptionTypeConstraints
StateName of U.S. State, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Ricostringrequired : 1
SIR_2012Standardized Infection Ratio for year 2012 which is the ratio of Number of infections observed to number of infections predicted.numberrequired : 1 level : Ratio
SIR_2013Standardized Infection Ratio for year 2013 which is the ratio of Number of infections observed to number of infections predicted.numberrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Percent_ChangePercentage change between 2012 SIR value and 2013 SIR value.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Direction_of_ChangeIndicates the direction of change in SIR value.stringrequired : 1
P_ValueThe SIR p-value is a statistical measure that tells you if the observed number of infections is significantly differentnumberrequired : 1 level : Ratio
StateSIR_2012SIR_2013Percent_ChangeDirection_of_ChangeP_Value
D.C.0.7720.6999Decrease0.4380
Ohio0.4380.4185Decrease0.4569
Utah0.6500.6602Increase0.9195
Iowa0.4590.53717Increase0.3328
Texas0.5530.5147Decrease0.0643
Idaho0.3220.28711Decrease0.7357
Maine0.9440.66430Decrease0.0329
Nevada0.6000.6346Increase0.4933
All US0.5620.5384Decrease0.0000
Alaska1.1090.27875Decrease0.0000