The European Demographic Datasheet 2016 shows key demographic data, population trends and projections until 2050. It covers fertility, mortality, migration and population structure, including population aging, and their changes. The datasheet combines data for all countries of Europe and for broader European regions, as well as maps, population pyramids, tables, graphs and featured thematic boxes. It pays special attention to the importance of migration for the current and future population changes across the continent and to the alternative indicators of population aging.
Population projections have always been an important aspect of the European Demographic Data Sheet since its first edition in 2006 as they illustrate the long-term effect of the present population trends and shed a light on changes due to population aging. Projections in each data sheet are built on regularly updated data on population by age and sex, and take into account up-to-date trends in fertility, mortality and migration. The standard cohort-component model is used to project the population by age and sex from 2015 to 2050. For simplicity, a scenario with and without migration is presented in the data sheet. In this issue, the scenario with migration also considers the impact of asylum seekers.