Hospital Onset Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteremia

$179 / year

MRSA is Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a type of staph bacteria that is resistant to many antibiotics. In a healthcare setting, such as a hospital or nursing home, MRSA can cause severe problems such as bloodstream infections, pneumonia, and surgical site infections; values about this infection are found in this dataset.

Complexity

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is usually spread by direct contact with an infected wound or from contaminated hands, usually those of healthcare providers. Also, people who carry MRSA but do not have signs of infection can spread the bacteria to others and potentially cause an infection.

The only way to know if MRSA is the cause of an infection is to perform a laboratory culture of the bacteria. Obtaining bacteria to culture is a procedure done by a doctor.

Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is engaged in several short- and long-term surveillance (infection tracking) projects that involve collaboration with health departments, individual hospital, and academic medical centers, among others. Understanding the burden of MRSA – how much is occurring, where it is happening, and how it is being spread – is essential for developing effective prevention programs and measuring their impact.

Studies show that about one in three (33%) people carry staph in their nose, usually without any illness. Two in 100 people carry MRSA. There are no data showing the total number of people who get MRSA skin infections in the community.

Although MRSA is still a major patient threat, a CDC studyExternal Web Site Icon published in the Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine showed that invasive (life-threatening) MRSA infections in healthcare settings are declining. Invasive MRSA infections that began in hospitals declined 54% between 2005 and 2011, with 30,800 fewer severe MRSA infections. In addition, the study showed 9,000 fewer deaths in hospital patients in 2011 versus 2005.

This study (or report) complements data from the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) that found rates of MRSA bloodstream infections occurring in hospitalized patients fell nearly 50% from 1997 to 2007.

Date Created

2015

Last Modified

2016-03-02

Version

1

Update Frequency

Annual

Temporal Coverage

N/A

Spatial Coverage

United States

Source

John Snow Labs; Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (cdc.gov);

Source License URL

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Health Outcomes, Patient Outcomes, Healthcare Associated Infections, Infections After Surgery, Surgical Site Infections, Superficial Infections, Surgical Infection Guidelines, Surgical Infection Facilities, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

Other Titles

Severe Infections Caused by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, HAI Progress Report 2013

NameDescriptionTypeConstraints
StateName of U.S. State, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Ricostringrequired : 1
Number_of_Facilities_in_StateIdentifies the number of acute care facilities in a state.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Any_State_Mandate_2013Indicates that whether a legislative or regulatory requirement (“state mandate”) exists or not for acute care hospitals to report data to the state health department or hospital association via NHSN for the given HAI type. The values are "Yes", "No" or "M". "M" indicates that no state mandate existed at the beginning of the reporting period, but was implemented during the reporting period as midyear implementation.stringrequired : 1
Any_Validation_2013Indicates whether the state health department reported the completion of all validation activities. The Values are "Yes", "No" and "YesA". "YesA" indicates that the state also conducted an audit of facility medical or laboratory records prior to July 1, 2014 to confirm proper case ascertainment.stringrequired : 1
NHSN_Reporting_In_State_Number_of_Facilities_Reporting_2013Identifies the number of facilities reporting in the state for the year 2012.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
StateNumber_of_Facilities_in_StateAny_State_Mandate_2013Any_Validation_2013NHSN_Reporting_In_State_Number_of_Facilities_Reporting_2013
D.C.12YesYes9
Alaska26NoNo11
Iowa122NoYes41
Maine41NoYes25
Oregon64NoNo49
Utah53YesYes37
Arizona97NoNo63
Idaho47NoYesA21
Montana64NoNo15
Nevada46YesNo23