Others titles

  • Pharmacology Complete List of Partial Agonists
  • Pharmacology Complete List of Antagonist Drugs
  • Pharmacology Complete List of Receptor Antagonists
  • Pharmacology Complete List of Radioligand Binding Assay
  • Pharmacology Complete List of Antagonist Pharmacology


  • Partial Agonist
  • Antagonist Drug
  • Agonist and Antagonist
  • Receptor Antagonist
  • Drug Receptors
  • Radioligand Binding Assay
  • Types of Drugs and their Effects
  • Drug Affinity
  • Drug Action
  • Antagonist Pharmacology

Pharmacology Complete List of Ligand Molecules

This dataset shows the complete list of ligand molecules from the Guide to PHARMACOLOGY; an online, open-access portal to pharmacological information on all the human targets of prescription drugs, which is the product from the collaboration of the International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (IUPHAR) and the British Pharmacological Society (BPS).

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The data types captured in this dataset include target nomenclature, pharmacological data, and ligand structures. Organisms isolated in this data are from human, mouse, and rat.

In future versions, the plan is to add resources for education and training in pharmacological principles and techniques along with research guidelines and overviews of key topics. It is the hope of IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY to be useful for researchers and students in pharmacology and drug discovery and provide the general public with accurate information on the basic science underlying drug action.

The information provided in this dataset shows the initial view or landing pages for each target family that provides expert-curated overviews of the key properties and selective ligands and tool compounds available. Additional information can be found also in other databases including Ensembl, UniProt, PubChem, ChEMBL, and DrugBank, as well as curated chemical information and literature citations in PubMed.

In this database, the term “ligand” is used mostly for small molecule-to-large molecule interactions but extends to selected protein-protein interactions such as cytokines-to-receptors or antibodies-to-cytokines. Ligand classification includes synthetic organics, metabolites, endogenous peptides, other peptides including synthetic peptides, natural products, antibodies, inorganics, approved drugs, withdrawn drugs, ligands with INNs, isotopically labeled ligands, PubChem Compound ID (CIDs) as the primary small molecule identifier and PubChem Substance Identifiers (SIDs).

About this Dataset

Data Info

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Spatial Coverage



John Snow Labs; International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (IUPHAR) and the British Pharmacological Society (BPS) Guide to PHARMACOLOGY;

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Source Citation

Southan C, Sharman JL, Benson HE, Faccenda E, Pawson AJ, Alexander SPH, Buneman OP, Davenport AP, McGrath JC, Peters JA, Spedding M, Catterall WA, Fabbro D, Davies JA; NC-IUPHAR. (2016) The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY in 2016 towards curated quantitative interactions between 1300 protein targets and 6000 ligands. Nucl. Acids Res. 44 (Database Issue) D1054-68


Partial Agonist, Antagonist Drug, Agonist and Antagonist, Receptor Antagonist, Drug Receptors, Radioligand Binding Assay, Types of Drugs and their Effects, Drug Affinity, Drug Action, Antagonist Pharmacology

Other Titles

Pharmacology Complete List of Partial Agonists, Pharmacology Complete List of Antagonist Drugs, Pharmacology Complete List of Receptor Antagonists, Pharmacology Complete List of Radioligand Binding Assay, Pharmacology Complete List of Antagonist Pharmacology

Data Fields

Name Description Type Constraints
Ligand_IdThe Guide to Pharmacology (GtP) ligand identifierintegerlevel : Nominalrequired : 1
Ligand_NameThe name of the ligand wherein the Guide to Pharmacology (GtoPdb) context, the term ‘ligand’ is used mostly for small molecule-to-large molecule interactions but it does extend to selected protein-protein interactions (e.g. cytokines-to-receptors or antibodies-to-cytokines).stringrequired : 1
Species(Peptides) The species which endogenously express a particular peptide ligand sequencestring-
Chemical_TypeThe type of chemicalstringrequired : 1
Is_ApprovedThe drug is or has in the past been approved for human clinical use by a regulatory agencyboolean-
Is_WithdrawnThe drug is no longer approved for its original clinical use in one or more countriesboolean-
Is_LabelledThe ligand has been labeled with a chemical group such as a fluorescent tag or unstable isotopeboolean-
Is_RadioactiveLigand has been labeled with a radioactive isotopeboolean-
PubChem_Substance_IdentifierThe PubChem Substance identifier assigned when we deposited the ligand in PubChemstring-
PubChem_Compound_DatabaseCurated PubChem Compound database linkintegerlevel : Nominal
UniProt_Id(Peptides) The UniProtKB/SwissProt Accession for peptide sequencesstring-
International_Non_Proprietary_NameThe International Non-proprietary Name (INN)assigned by the WHOstring-
Simplified_Molecular_Input_Line_Entry_SystemSpecification of the chemical structure in canonical, isomeric Simplified Molecular Input Line Entry System (SMILES) formatstring-
International_Chemical_Identifier_KeyA hashed version of the full International Chemical Identifier (InChI) designed for easy web searches of chemical compoundsstring-
International_Chemical_IdentifierA textual identifier for the chemical structurestring-

Data Preview

Ligand IdLigand NameSpeciesChemical TypeIs ApprovedIs WithdrawnIs LabelledIs RadioactivePubChem Substance IdentifierPubChem Compound DatabaseUniProt IdInternational Non Proprietary NameSimplified Molecular Input Line Entry SystemInternational Chemical Identifier KeyInternational Chemical Identifier
50814-1BB ligandHumanEndogenous peptide in human, mouse or rat178101774P41273
51835-LOX activating proteinHumanEndogenous peptide in human, mouse or rat178101873P20292
1331ACTHMouse, RatEndogenous peptide in human, mouse or rat135651599P01194|P01193
3633ACTHHumanEndogenous peptide in human, mouse or ratTrue135651598134611880.0P01189corticotropinNCCCC[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)O)Cc1ccccc1)CCC(=O)O)CC(C)C)Cc1ccccc1)C)CCC(=O)O)C)CO)CCC(=O)O)CC(=O)O)CCC(=O)O)C)CC(=O)N)Cc1ccc(cc1)O)C(C)C)NC(=O)[C@H](C(C)C)NC(=O)[C@@H]1CCCN1C(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)CNC(=O)[C@H](C(C)C)NC(=O)[C@@H]1CCCN1C(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)CNC(=O)[C@H](Cc1c[nH]c2c1cccc2)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CO)N)Cc1ccc(cc1)O)CO)CCSC)CCC(=O)O)Cc1nc[nH]c1)Cc1ccccc1)CCCN=C(N)N)CCCCN)CCCCN)CCCCN)CCCN=C(N)N)CCCN=C(N)NIDLFZVILOHSSID-OVLDLUHVSA-N
4857activin AHumanEndogenous peptide in human, mouse or rat178101558
4858activin ABHumanEndogenous peptide in human, mouse or rat178101559
4859activin BHumanEndogenous peptide in human, mouse or rat178101560
3726adiponectinHumanEndogenous peptide in human, mouse or rat135651745Q15848
5305ADP-ribosylation factor 1HumanEndogenous peptide in human, mouse or rat178101987P84077
697adrenomedullinRatEndogenous peptide in human, mouse or rat135651601P43145