The data has been sourced from World Bank, which in turn lists as sources: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database. Statistical figures of countries which are not able or willing to publish official population statistics are based on United Nations (UN) estimates. “Total population” is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
It shows the latest population figures for each country with the source of the data, mostly provided by the national statistics body.
Increases in human population, whether as a result of immigration or more births than deaths, can impact natural resources and social infrastructure. This can place pressure on a country’s sustainability. A significant growth in population will negatively impact the availability of land for agricultural production, and will aggravate demand for food, energy, water, social services, and infrastructure. On the other hand, decreasing population size – a result of fewer births than deaths, and people moving out of a country – can impact a government’s commitment to maintaining services and infrastructure.
Current population estimates for developing countries that lack (i) reliable recent census data, and (ii) pre- and post-census estimates for countries with census data, are provided by the United Nations Population Division and other agencies. The cohort component method – a standard method for estimating and projecting population – requires fertility, mortality, and net migration data, often collected from sample surveys, which can be small or limited in coverage. Population estimates are from demographic modeling and so are susceptible to biases and errors from shortcomings in both the model and the data. In the UN estimates the five-year age group is the cohort unit and five-year period data are used; therefore interpolations to obtain annual data or single age structure may not reflect actual events or age composition. Because future trends cannot be known with certainty, population projections have a wide range of uncertainty.
The indicator name used for the dataset is “Population, total” and the related indicator code is SP.POP.TOTL.