US Census Bureau Poverty Thresholds Starting 1980

$79 / year

This dataset contains poverty thresholds by family size and number of children under 18 years starting from 1980. Poverty thresholds are the dollar amounts used to determine poverty status.

Complexity

Following the Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) Statistical Policy Directive 14, the Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty.

The Census Bureau assigns each person or family one out of 48 possible poverty thresholds. Thresholds vary by the size of the family and age of the members. The same thresholds are used throughout the United States (they do not vary geographically). Thresholds are updated annually for inflation using the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U). Although the thresholds in some sense reflect a family’s needs, they are intended for use as a statistical yardstick, not as a complete description of what people and families need to live.

To calculate total family income, the incomes of all related family members that live together are added up to determine poverty status. If an individual or group of individuals (such as housemates) are not living with family members, their own individual income is compared with their individual poverty threshold. Thus, all family members have the same poverty status, and some families may be composed of single unrelated individuals. If total family income is less than the poverty threshold for that family – that family and everyone in it is considered to be in poverty. If total family income equals or is greater than the poverty threshold – the family is not considered to be in poverty. Poverty status cannot be determined for people in:

– Institutional group quarters (such as prisons or nursing homes)
– College dormitories
– Military barracks
– Living situations without conventional housing (and who are not in shelters)

Additionally, poverty status cannot be determined for unrelated individuals under age 15 (such as foster children) because income questions are asked of people age 15 and older and, if someone is under age 15 and not living with a family member, their income is not known. Since one cannot determine their poverty status, they are excluded from the “poverty universe” (datasets totals).

Date Created

2017-08-11

Last Modified

2017-08-11

Version

2017-08-11

Update Frequency

Annual

Temporal Coverage

1980-2016

Spatial Coverage

United States

Source

John Snow Labs => United States Census Bureau

Source License URL

John Snow Labs Standard License

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Federal Poverty Thresholds, Poverty Line, Poverty Level, Family Size, Number Of Children, Poverty In US

Other Titles

US Census Bureau Federal Poverty Levels Starting 1980, Poverty Thresholds By Family Size And Number Of Children Starting 1980

NameDescriptionTypeConstraints
YearThe year for which poverty thresholds were availabledaterequired : 1
Size_and_Description_of_FamilyThe number of related persons who live togetherstringrequired : 1
Weighted_Average_Threshold_in_USDThe weighted average poverty threshold in dollars for one person (unrelated) or for a group of related persons who live togethernumberlevel : Ratio
No_Child_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDThe poverty threshold in dollars for a person (unrelated) or a group of related persons who live together and who don't have children of age under 18numberlevel : Ratio
One_Child_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDThe poverty threshold in dollars for a person (unrelated) or a group of related persons who live together and who have one child of age under 18numberlevel : Ratio
Two_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDThe poverty threshold in dollars for a person (unrelated) or a group of related persons who live together and who have two children of age under 18numberlevel : Ratio
Three_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDThe poverty threshold in dollars for a person (unrelated) or a group of related persons who live together and who have three children of age under 18numberlevel : Ratio
Four_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDThe poverty threshold in dollars for a person (unrelated) or a group of related persons who live together and who have four children of age under 18numberlevel : Ratio
Five_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDThe poverty threshold in dollars for a person (unrelated) or a group of related persons who live together and who have five children of age under 18numberlevel : Ratio
Six_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDThe poverty threshold in dollars for a person (unrelated) or a group of related persons who live together and who have six children of age under 18numberlevel : Ratio
Seven_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDThe poverty threshold in dollars for a person (unrelated) or a group of related persons who live together and who have seven children of age under 18numberlevel : Ratio
Eight_Or_More_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDThe poverty threshold in dollars for a person (unrelated) or a group of related persons who live together and who have eight or more children of age under 18numberlevel : Ratio
YearSize_and_Description_of_FamilyWeighted_Average_Threshold_in_USDNo_Child_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDOne_Child_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDTwo_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDThree_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDFour_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDFive_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDSix_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDSeven_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USDEight_Or_More_Children_Under_18_Poverty_Threshold_in_USD
20081 person (all ages)
20081 person (65+)10326
20071 person (65+)99449944
20061 person (65+)96699669
20051 person (65+)93679367
20041 person (65+)90609060
20031 person (65+)88258825
20021 person (65+)86288628
20011 person (65+)84948494
20001 person (65+)82598259