The 2011 Census population counts for a particular geographic area representing the number of Canadians whose usual place of residence is in that area, regardless of where they happened to be on Census Day. Also included are any Canadians who were staying in that area on Census Day and who had no usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada, as well as those considered to be ‘non-permanent residents’. For most areas, there is little difference between the number of usual residents and the number of people staying in the area on Census Day. For certain places, however, such as tourist or vacation areas, or those including large work camps, the number of people staying in that area at any particular time could significantly exceed the number of usual residents shown here. The population counts include Canadians living in other countries, but do not include foreign residents living in Canada. Given these differences, users are advised not to interpret population counts as being the number of people living in the reported dwellings.
The dwelling counts refer to total private dwellings and private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Canada. The census dwelling counts do not include collective dwellings, which are dwellings of a commercial, institutional or communal nature. The usual residents in collective dwellings are, however, included in the population counts.
For the 2011 Census, a private dwelling is defined as a separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.
Changes occur to the names, boundaries, and other characteristics of geographic areas (e.g., census subdivisions may amalgamate, or there may be an annexation or a change of name or status). Since the geographic framework is used for census data collection, the geographic reference date must be set several months before the date of the census in order to have these changes made in time. For the 2011 Census, the geographic reference date was January 1, 2011.
Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter ‘A’. The letter ‘A’ may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).
For the 2011 Census the term ‘population center’ replaces the previous term of ‘urban area.’ Population centers are classified into one of three categories, according to the size of their population: small population center (population 1,000 to 29,999), medium population center (30,000 to 99,999) and large urban population center (100,000 or greater). Population centers are defined using population and population density data from the current census and are delineated using the dissemination block. The previous census counts provided in these tables are the aggregation of the previous census population counts for the dissemination blocks that constitute the 2011 population centers.
Designated places for the 2011 Census can straddle more than one census subdivision. These data present the designated places along with the part of the designated place contained within a given census subdivision.
Some Indian reserves and Indian settlements refused to participate in the census or were incompletely enumerated during the 2006 Census and/or the 2011 Census.