Functional Concept Relationships

$395 / year

This dataset provides the information on relationships between concepts or atoms known to the Metathesaurus for the semantic type “Functional Concept”. In the dataset, for asymmetrical relationships there is one row for each direction of the relationship.

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The UMLS, or Unified Medical Language System, is a set of files and software that brings together many health and biomedical vocabularies and standards to enable interoperability between computer systems. One powerful use of the UMLS is linking health information, medical terms, drug names, and billing codes across different computer systems. Some examples of this are:
– Linking terms and codes between your doctor, your pharmacy, and your insurance company
– Patient care coordination among several departments within a hospital
The UMLS has many other uses, including search engine retrieval, data mining, public health statistics reporting, and terminology research.
The UMLS has three tools (Knowledge Sources):
– Metathesaurus: Terms and codes from many vocabularies, including CPT, ICD-10-CM, LOINC, MeSH, RxNorm, and SNOMED CT
– Semantic Network: Broad categories (semantic types) and their relationships (semantic relations)
– SPECIALIST Lexicon and Lexical Tools: Natural language processing tools

The 2017AA Metathesaurus contains approximately 3.44 million concepts and 13.7 million unique concept names from 199 source vocabularies. The Metathesaurus is a very large, multi-purpose, and multi-lingual vocabulary database that contains information about biomedical and health related concepts, their various names, and the relationships among them. It is built from the electronic versions of many different thesauri, classifications, code sets, and lists of controlled terms used in patient care, health services billing, public health statistics, indexing and cataloging biomedical literature, and /or basic, clinical, and health services research. In this documentation, these are referred to as the “”source vocabularies”” of the Metathesaurus. In the Metathesaurus, all the source vocabularies are available in a single, fully-specified database format.

The Metathesaurus is organized by concept or meaning. In essence, its purpose is to link alternative names and views of the same concept together and to identify useful relationships between different concepts. All concepts in the Metathesaurus are assigned to at least one semantic type from the Semantic Network. This provides consistent categorization of all concepts in the Metathesaurus at the relatively general level represented in the Semantic Network.
The purpose of the Semantic Network is to provide a consistent categorization of all concepts represented in the UMLS Metathesaurus and to provide a set of useful relationships between these concepts. All information about specific concepts is found in the Metathesaurus; the Network provides information about the set of basic semantic types, or categories, which may be assigned to these concepts, and it defines the set of relationships that may hold between the semantic types. The current release of the Semantic Network contains 125 semantic types and 54 relationships. The Semantic Network serves as an authority for the semantic types that are assigned to concepts in the Metathesaurus. The Network defines these types, both with textual descriptions and by means of the information inherent in its hierarchies.

Of the fifty-four semantic relationships, the primary link between most of the semantic types is the ‘isa’ (is a) relationship. These semantic relationships may or may not hold at the concept level. One of the more important relationships within the Semantic Network is the Parent-Child, or Broader-Narrower, relationship. This relationship illustrates the hierarchies that exist between biomedical concepts. Child (narrower) relationships can be thought of as a subtype. For example, the semantic type Biologic Function is the parent of, or broader than, the semantic type Physiologic Function.

Date Created

2009-07-29

Last Modified

2017-05-08

Version

2017AA

Update Frequency

Semiannual

Temporal Coverage

N/A

Spatial Coverage

N/A

Source

John Snow Labs => U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM)

Source License URL

John Snow Labs Standard License

Source License Requirements

Reporting Requirements

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

UMLS, Metathesaurus, UMLS concepts, Semantic Type, RRF, NLM, Metathesaurus Relationships

Other Titles

Metathesaurus Concepts and Their Relationships, Concepts Functional Concept Relationships, MRREL

Name Description Type Constraints
Concept_Unique_Identifier_1Unique identifier of first conceptstringrequired : 1
Atom_Unique_Identifier_1Unique identifier of first atomstring-
Relationship_Column_Name_1The name of the column in "Functional Concept Concepts and Types" that contains the first identifier to which the relationship is attachedstringrequired : 1
Relationship_LabelRelationship of second concept or atom to first concept or atomstringrequired : 1
Concept_Unique_Identifier_2Unique identifier of second conceptstringrequired : 1
Semantic_Type_Group_Concept_Unique_Identifier_2The group of the semantic type in the semantic treestring-
Atom_Unique_Identifier_2Unique identifier of second atomstring-
Relationship_Column_Name_2The name of the column in "Functional Concept Concepts and Types" that contains the second identifier to which the relationship is attachedstringrequired : 1
Additional_Relationship_LabelAdditional (more specific) relationship label (optional)string-
Relationship_Unique_IdentifierUnique identifier of relationshipstringrequired : 1
Source_Relationship_IdentifierSource attributed relationship identifierstring-
Source_AbbreviationSource vocabulary abbreviationstringrequired : 1
Source_Relationship_LabelSource of relationship labelsstring-
Relationship_GroupThe group that the relationship belongs tointegerlevel : Nominal
Is_Source_Directionality_FlagIndicates if it is a source asserted directionality flag. True indicates that this is the direction of the relationship in its source; false indicates that it is not; a blank indicates that it is not important or has not yet been determinedboolean-
Suppressible_FlagIn the UMLS Metathesaurus terms can be marked as "suppressible", these terms can then be removed from the subset. These terms are most often identified as suppressible because of ambiguity in meaning or lack of face validity. Suppressible flag. Values = E: Suppressible due to editor decision, N: Not suppressible, O: Obsolete, Y: Suppressible due to SABstringrequired : 1
Content_View_FlagContent View Flag. Bit field used to flag rows included in Content View. This field is a varchar field to maximize the number of bits available for use.integerlevel : Nominal
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<h1 id="Amazon_S3" class="lb-txt-bold lb-txt-white lb-none-v-margin lb-h1-large lb-title"> Amazon S3</h1>
<h3 id="Object_storage_built_to_store_and_retrieve_any_amount_of_data_from_anywhere" class="lb-txt-light lb-txt-white lb-small-v-margin lb-h3 lb-title" style="margin-top:0px; margin-bottom:30px;"> Object storage built to store and retrieve any amount of data from anywhere</h3>
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<a class="lb-btn-a-primary" href="https://s3.console.aws.amazon.com/s3/home" role="button"> <span> Get started with Amazon S3</span> </a>
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<a class="lb-btn-a" href="https://pages.awscloud.com/ln_NAMER_AmazonS3-Contact-Us.html" role="button"> <span> Request more information</span> </a>
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<p>Companies today need the ability to simply and securely collect store and analyze their data at a massive scale. Amazon S3 is <a href="/what-is-cloud-object-storage/" target="_blank">object storage</a> built to store and retrieve any amount of data from anywhere – web sites and mobile apps corporate applications and data from IoT sensors or devices. It is designed to deliver 99.999999999% durability and stores data for millions of applications used by market leaders in every industry. S3 provides comprehensive security and compliance capabilities that meet even the most stringent regulatory requirements. It gives customers flexibility in the way they manage data for cost optimization access control and compliance. S3 provides query-in-place functionality allowing you to run powerful analytics directly on your data at rest in S3. And Amazon S3 is the most supported cloud storage service available with integration from the largest community of third-party solutions systems integrator partners and other AWS services.<br /> </p>
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<h1 id="Benefits" class="lb-txt-bold lb-h1 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> Benefits</h1>
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<h3 id="UNMATCHED_DURABILITY.2C_AVAILABILITY.2C_.26_SCALABILITY" class="lb-txt-bold lb-txt-uppercase lb-txt-18 lb-h3 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> UNMATCHED DURABILITY AVAILABILITY &amp; SCALABILITY</h3>
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<p>Amazon S3 runs on the world’s largest <a href="/about-aws/global-infrastructure/" target="_blank">global cloud infrastructure</a> and is designed from the ground up to deliver 99.999999999% of durability. Data in Amazon S3 Standard S3 Standard-IA and Amazon Glacier storage classes is automatically distributed across a minimum of three physical Availability Zones (AZs) that are typically miles apart within an AWS Region. The Amazon S3 One Zone-IA storage class stores data in a single AZ and is ideal for customers who want a lower cost option for infrequently accessed data and do not require the availability and resilience of S3 Standard storage. Amazon S3 can also automatically replicate data to any other AWS Region.</p>
<p><a href="/about-aws/global-infrastructure/" target="_blank">Learn More About the AWS Global Cloud Infrastructure &raquo;</a><br /> </p>
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<h3 id="MOST_COMPREHENSIVE_SECURITY_.26_COMPLIANCE_CAPABILITIES" class="lb-txt-bold lb-txt-uppercase lb-txt-18 lb-h3 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> MOST COMPREHENSIVE SECURITY &amp; COMPLIANCE CAPABILITIES</h3>
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<p>Amazon S3 supports three different forms of encryption. S3 offers sophisticated integration with <a href="/cloudtrail/" target="_blank">AWS CloudTrail</a> to log monitor and retain storage API call activities for auditing. Amazon S3 is the only cloud storage platform with <a href="/macie/" target="_blank">Amazon Macie</a> which uses machine learning to automatically discover classify and protect sensitive data in AWS. S3 supports security standards and compliance certifications including PCI-DSS HIPAA/HITECH FedRAMP EU Data Protection Directive and FISMA which can help customers satisfy compliance requirements for virtually every regulatory agency around the globe.</p>
<p><a href="/security/" target="_blank">Learn More About Security &raquo;</a></p>
<p><a href="/compliance/" target="_blank">Learn More About Compliance &raquo;</a><br /> </p>
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<h3 id="QUERY_IN_PLACE" class="lb-txt-bold lb-txt-uppercase lb-txt-18 lb-h3 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> QUERY IN PLACE</h3>
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<p>Amazon S3 allows you to run sophisticated <a href="/big-data/analytics/" target="_blank">Big Data analytics</a> on your data without moving the data into a separate analytics system. <a href="/athena/" target="_blank">Amazon Athena</a> gives anyone who knows SQL on-demand query access to vast amounts of unstructured data. <a href="/redshift/spectrum/" target="_blank">Amazon Redshift Spectrum</a> lets you run queries spanning both your data warehouse and S3. And only AWS offers <a href="/s3/features/#Query_in_Place" target="_blank">Amazon S3 Select</a> a way to retrieve only the subset of data you need from an S3 object which can improve the performance of most applications that frequently access data from S3 by up to 400%.</p>
<p><a href="/s3/features/#Query_in_Place" target="_blank">Learn More About Query In Place &raquo;</a><br /> </p>
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<h3 id="FLEXIBLE_MANAGEMENT" class="lb-txt-bold lb-txt-uppercase lb-txt-18 lb-h3 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> FLEXIBLE MANAGEMENT</h3>
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<p>Amazon S3 offers the most flexible set of storage management and administration capabilities. Storage administrators can classify report and visualize data usage trends to reduce costs and improve service levels. Objects can be tagged with unique customizable metadata so customers can see and control storage consumption cost and security separately for each workload. The S3 Inventory feature delivers scheduled reports about objects and their metadata for maintenance compliance or analytics operations. S3 can also analyze object access patterns to build lifecycle policies that automate tiering deletion and retention. Since Amazon S3 works with AWS Lambda customers can log activities define alerts and invoke workflows all without managing any additional infrastructure.</p>
<p><a href="/s3/features/#Storage_Management" target="_blank">Learn More About S3 Storage Management &raquo;</a><br /> </p>
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<h3 id="MOST_SUPPORTED_BY_PARTNERS.2C_VENDORS.2C_.26_AWS_SERVICES" class="lb-txt-bold lb-txt-uppercase lb-txt-18 lb-h3 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> MOST SUPPORTED BY PARTNERS VENDORS &amp; AWS SERVICES</h3>
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<p>In addition to integration with most AWS services Amazon S3 is supported by tens of thousands of consulting systems integrator and independent software vendor partners with more joining every month. And the <a href="https://aws.amazon.com/marketplace/" target="_blank">AWS Marketplace</a> offers 35 categories and more than 3500 software listings from over 1100 ISVs that are pre-configured to deploy on the AWS Cloud. AWS Partner Network partners have adapted their services and software to work with S3 for solutions like <a href="/backup-restore/" target="_blank">Backup &amp; Recovery</a> <a href="/archive/" target="_blank">Archiving</a> and <a href="/disaster-recovery/" target="_blank">Disaster Recovery</a>. No other cloud provider has more partners with solutions that are pre-integrated to work with their service.</p>
<p><a href="/backup-recovery/partner-solutions/" target="_blank">Learn More About AWS Storage Partners &raquo;</a><br /> </p>
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<h3 id="EASY.2C_FLEXIBLE_DATA_TRANSFER" class="lb-txt-bold lb-txt-uppercase lb-txt-18 lb-h3 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> EASY FLEXIBLE DATA TRANSFER</h3>
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<p>You can choose from the widest range of options to transfer your data into (or out of) Amazon S3. S3’s simple and reliable APIs make it easy to transfer data over the Internet. Amazon S3 Transfer Acceleration is ideal for <a href="/s3/faqs/#Amazon_S3_Transfer_Acceleration" target="_blank">data uploads across large geographical distances</a>. AWS Direct Connect provides consistently <a href="/directconnect/" target="_blank">high bandwidth and low latency data transfer</a> for moving large amounts of data to AWS using a dedicated network connection. You can use <a href="/snowball/" target="_blank">AWS Snowball</a> and <a href="/snowball-edge/" target="_blank">AWS Snowball Edge</a> appliances for petabyte-scale data transfer or <a href="/snowmobile/" target="_blank">AWS Snowmobile</a> for even larger datasets. AWS Storage Gateway provides you a <a href="/storage-gateway/" target="_blank">physical or virtual data transfer appliance</a> to use on-premises to easily move volumes or files into the AWS Cloud.</p>
<p><a href="/cloud-data-migration/" target="_blank">Learn More About Cloud Data Migration &raquo;</a><br /> </p>
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<h1 id="Use_cases" class="lb-txt-bold lb-h1 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> Use cases</h1>
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<h3 id="BACKUP_.26_RECOVERY" class="lb-txt-bold lb-txt-18 lb-h3 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> BACKUP &amp; RECOVERY</h3>
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<p>Amazon S3 offers a highly durable scalable and secure destination for backing up and archiving your critical data. You can use S3’s versioning capability to provide even further protection for your stored data. Amazon S3 and Amazon Glacier provide four different storage classes to help you optimize cost and performance while also meeting your Recovery Point Objective (RPOs) and Recovery Time Objectives (RTOs).&nbsp;</p>
<p><a href="/backup-recovery/?p=s3&amp;c=d" target="_blank">Learn More About Backup &amp; Recovery &raquo;</a></p>
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<h3 id="DATA_ARCHIVING" class="lb-txt-bold lb-txt-18 lb-h3 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> DATA ARCHIVING</h3>
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<p>Amazon S3 and Amazon Glacier provide a range of storage classes to help customers meet the needs of compliance archives for regulated industries or active archives for organizations who need fast infrequent access to archive data. Amazon Glacier Vault Lock provides <a href="/glacier/faqs/#vaultlock" target="_blank">write-once-read-many (WORM) storage</a> to meet compliance requirements for records retention. Lifecycle policies make transitioning data between Amazon S3 and&nbsp;<a href="/glacier/" target="_blank">Amazon Glacier</a>&nbsp;storage classes simple automating the transition based on customer-defined policies.</p>
<p><a href="/archiving/?p=s3&amp;c=d" target="_blank">Learn More About Data Archiving &raquo;</a></p>
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<h3 id="DATA_LAKES_.26_BIG_DATA_ANALYTICS" class="lb-txt-bold lb-txt-18 lb-h3 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> DATA LAKES &amp; BIG DATA ANALYTICS</h3>
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<p>Whether you’re storing pharmaceutical or financial data or multimedia files such as photos and videos Amazon S3 can be used as your data lake for Big Data analytics. Amazon Web Services offers a comprehensive portfolio of services to help you manage Big Data by reducing costs scaling to meet demand and increasing the speed of innovation.&nbsp;</p>
<p><a href="/big-data/?p=s3&amp;c=d" target="_blank">Learn More About Data Lakes and Big Data Analytics &raquo;</a><br /> </p>
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<h3 id="HYBRID_CLOUD_STORAGE" class="lb-txt-bold lb-txt-18 lb-h3 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> HYBRID CLOUD STORAGE</h3>
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<p>The AWS Storage Gateway helps you build <a href="/storagegateway/?p=s3&amp;c=d" target="_blank">hybrid cloud storage</a> augmenting your existing local storage environment with the durability and scale of Amazon S3. Use it to burst a workload from your site into the cloud for processing and then bring the results back. Tier colder or less valuable data off of your on-premises storage into the cloud to reduce costs and extend your storage investment. Or simply use it to incrementally move data into S3 as a part of backup or migration projects.</p>
<p><a href="/storagegateway/?p=s3&amp;c=d" target="_blank">Learn More About Hybrid Cloud Storage &raquo;</a><br /> </p>
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<h3 id="CLOUD-NATIVE_APPLICATION_DATA" class="lb-txt-bold lb-txt-18 lb-h3 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> CLOUD-NATIVE APPLICATION DATA</h3>
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<p>Amazon S3 provides high performance highly available storage that makes it easy to scale and maintain cost-effective mobile and Internet-based apps that run fast. With S3 you can add any amount of content and access it from anywhere so you can deploy applications faster and reach more customers.<br /> </p>
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<h3 id="DISASTER_RECOVERY" class="lb-txt-bold lb-txt-18 lb-h3 lb-title" style="color:#232f3e;"> DISASTER RECOVERY</h3>
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<p>Amazon S3’s highly durable secure global infrastructure offers a robust disaster recovery solution designed to provide superior data protection. Cross-Region Replication (CRR) automatically replicates every S3 object to a destination bucket located in a different AWS<br /> Region.</p>
<p><a href="/disaster-recovery/?p=s3&amp;c=d" target="_blank">Learn More About Disaster Recovery &raquo;</a><br /> </p>
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<a href="/solutions/case-studies/netflix/?p=s3&amp;c=d" target="_blank"> <img alt="Netflix Case Study" title="Netflix Case Study" src="//d1.awsstatic.com/logos/600x400_logos/600x400_Netflix_Logo.711028f8cc9e68f3e3effaea948f9b0cbc6e3948.png" /></a>
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Netflix delivers billions of hours of content to customers around the world from Amazon S3. S3 also serves as the data lake for their Big Data analytics solution.
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<a href="/solutions/case-studies/airbnb/?p=s3&amp;c=d" target="_blank"> <img alt="Airbnb Case Study" title="Airbnb Case Study" src="//d1.awsstatic.com/product-marketing/Mobile/600x400_Airbnb_logo.80b235564a58a12890a7bc0c6ab3569e1f824188.png" /></a>
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Airbnb houses backup data and static files on Amazon S3 including over 10 petabytes of user pictures. As a born-in-the-cloud solution they continually innovate new ways to analyze data stored on S3.
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<a href="/solutions/case-studies/thomson-reuters/?p=s3&amp;c=d" target="_blank"> <img alt="Thomson Reuters Case Study" title="Thomson Reuters Case Study" src="//d1.awsstatic.com/case-studies/600x400_Thomson_Reuters-Logo.1c4a3181694603a6049f680e0ef7ce979b2bb750.png" /></a>
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Thomson Reuters uses Amazon S3 as a data lake for its Big Data analytics solution and uses Amazon S3 Cross-Region Replication to enhance data availability.
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<a href="/solutions/case-studies/zillow-zestimate/?p=s3&amp;c=d" target="_blank"> <img alt="Zillow Case Study" title="Zillow Case Study" src="//d1.awsstatic.com/case-studies/600x400_Zillow_Logo.2f4bf90ddef7299cd6bb57c95d12ffd06ff3e226.png" /></a>
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Zillow increases machine-learning calculation performance and scalability and delivers near-real-time home-valuation data to customers using Amazon S3 and Amazon EMR.
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Alert Logic gains data protection and geographic redundancy using Amazon S3 and other AWS services while reducing infrastructure costs by more than 50 percent compared to an on-premises data center.
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<i><b><a href="https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/aws/amazon-s3-update-new-storage-class-general-availability-of-s3-select/" target="_blank">Amazon S3 Update - New Storage Class &amp; General Availabilty</a></b></i>
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Jeff Barr
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04 Apr 2018
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<i><b><a href="https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/aws/s3-glacier-select/" target="_blank">S3 Select and Glacier Select - Retrieving Subsets of Objects</a></b></i>
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Randall Hunt
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29 Nov 2017
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Instantly get access to the
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Begin building with step-by-step guides to help you launch your
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<p><b>Amazon Web Services is Hiring.</b></p>
<p>Amazon Web Services (AWS) is a dynamic growing business unit within Amazon.com. We are currently hiring Software Development Engineers Product Managers Account Managers Solutions Architects Support Engineers System Engineers Designers and more. Visit our <a href="https://aws.amazon.com/careers/?nc1=f_hi" target="_blank">careers</a> page&nbsp;to learn more.</p>
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