Healthy People 2020 Tobacco Use Objectives

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Healthy People 2020 dataset provides a framework for action to reduce tobacco use to the point that it is no longer a public health problem for the Nation. This dataset includes information related to the Healthy People 2020 Tobacco Use objectives, operational definitions, baselines, and targets. Baseline years may vary by objective. Targets represented correspond to the year 2020.

Complexity

Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of disease, disability, and death in the United States, yet more deaths are caused each year by tobacco use than by all deaths from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries, suicides, and murders combined.

In 2009, an estimated 20.6% of all American adults age 18 and older—46.6 million people—smoked, and every day another 850 young people age 12 to 17 began smoking on a daily basis. As a result of widespread tobacco use, approximately 443,000 Americans die from tobacco-related illnesses, such as cancer and heart disease, each year. An estimated 49,000 of these deaths are the result of secondhand smoke exposure. For every person who dies from tobacco use, another 20 suffer from at least one serious tobacco-related illness.

Tobacco use poses a heavy burden on the U.S. economy and medical care system. Each year, cigarette smoking costs more than $193 billion in medical care costs, while secondhand smoke costs an additional $10 million. Tobacco use is thus one of the Nation’s deadliest and most costly public health challenges.

Healthy People 2020 includes over 1,200 objectives to monitor and improve the health of all Americans over the decade. The objectives are organized into 42 Topic Areas, each representing an important public health area. To determine the success of Healthy People, it is important to track and measure progress for the objectives over the decade. Healthy People relies on many diverse data systems including:

– National censuses of events (like the National Vital Statistics System)
– Nationally representative sample surveys (like the National Health Interview Survey)
– Other valid and reliable data sources (like the Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute)

Healthy People 2020 provides a framework for action to reduce tobacco use to the point that it is no longer a public health problem for the Nation. Research has identified effective strategies that will contribute to ending the tobacco use epidemic, including:

– Increasing the price of tobacco products

– Enacting comprehensive smoke-free policies

– Expanding cessation treatment in clinical care settings and providing access to proven cessation treatment to all smokers

– Implementing hard-hitting anti-tobacco media campaigns

– Fully funding tobacco control programs at CDC-recommended levels

– Controlling access to tobacco products, including e-cigarettes and combustible and non-combustible products

– Reducing tobacco advertising and promotion directed at children

The Healthy People 2020 Tobacco Use objectives are organized into 3 key areas:

– Tobacco Use Prevalence: Implementing policies to reduce tobacco use and initiation among youth and adults.

– Health System Changes: Adopting policies and strategies to increase access, affordability, and use of smoking cessation services and treatments.

– Social and Environmental Changes: Establishing policies to reduce exposure to secondhand smoke, increase the cost of tobacco, restrict tobacco advertising, and reduce illegal sales to minors.

Preventing tobacco use and helping tobacco users quit can improve the health and quality of life for Americans of all ages. People who stop smoking greatly reduce their risk of disease and premature death. Benefits are greater for people who stop at earlier ages, but quitting tobacco use is beneficial at any age.

Date Created

2014-06-05

Last Modified

2016-10-21

Version

2016-10-21

Update Frequency

Irregular

Temporal Coverage

2005-2011

Spatial Coverage

United States

Source

John Snow Labs; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP);

Source License URL

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Tobacco Control, CDC STATE System Data, Tobacco Legislation, Tobacco Use Statistics

Other Titles

Healthy People 2020 Goals for Cessation of Tobacco Use and Secondhand Smoke Exposure, Cessation of Tobacco Use and Secondhand Smoke Exposure 2020 Goals

NameDescriptionTypeConstraints
Main_Objective_AreaOne of the 1,200 objectives to monitor and improve the health of all Americans over the decadestringrequired : 1
Specific_Objective_AreaOne of the 42 topic areas in which 1200 objectives have been dividedstringrequired : 1
Objective_NumberIdentificaton number assigned to the objectivestringrequired : 1
Is_Leading_Health_IndicatorWhether or not the objective is a Leading Health Indicator (LHI). Leading Health Indicators are a subset of Healthy People 2020 objectives selected to communicate high-priority health issues.boolean-
Is_Developmental_ObjectiveWhether or not it is a developmental objectivebooleanrequired : 1
Description_of_Main_Objective_AreaDescribes what the main objective area coversstringrequired : 1
Description_of_Specific_Objective_AreaDescribes what the specific objective area coversstringrequired : 1
Percent_Target_Value_For_2020Percentage of Target value set for 2020 goalnumberlevel : Ratio
Percent_Baseline_ValuePercentage of baseline value for the data collection yearnumberlevel : Ratio
Baseline_Value_DescriptionDescription of the baseline valuestring-
Baseline_YearBaseline Year, month and date respectivelydate-
Target_Setting_MethodologyMethodology that was used to set the targets for 2020string-
Data_SourceSource of data Collectionstring-
Website_Link_to_Objective_DetailsLink to the website containing all the relevant details to the 2020Healthy people Objectivesstring-
Main_Objective_AreaSpecific_Objective_AreaObjective_NumberIs_Leading_Health_IndicatorIs_Developmental_ObjectiveDescription_of_Main_Objective_AreaDescription_of_Specific_Objective_AreaPercent_Target_Value_For_2020Percent_Baseline_ValueBaseline_Value_DescriptionBaseline_YearTarget_Setting_MethodologyData_SourceWebsite_Link_to_Objective_Details
Tobacco UseSocial and Environmental ChangesTU-15.4falsetrueIncrease tobacco-free environments in schools, including all school facilities, property, vehicles, and school eventsHead Start
Tobacco UseHealth Systems ChangesTU-9.5falsetrueIncrease tobacco screening in health care settingsIncrease tobacco screening in mental health care settingsNational Mental Health Services Survey (N-MHSS), SAMHSA
Tobacco UseSocial and Environmental ChangesTU-17.3falsetrueIncrease the Federal and State tax on tobacco productsOther smoked tobacco productsState Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation System (STATE), CDC, NCCDPHP, OSH
Tobacco UseHealth Systems ChangesTU-9.6falsetrueIncrease tobacco screening in health care settingsIncrease tobacco screening in vision care settingsIntelligent Research in Sight (IRIS) Registry, American Academy of Ophthalmology
Tobacco UseHealth Systems ChangesTU-10.6falsetrueIncrease tobacco cessation counseling in health care settingsIncrease tobacco cessation counseling in vision care settingsIntelligent Research in Sight (IRIS) Registry, American Academy of Ophthalmology
Tobacco UseTobacco Use PrevalenceTU-4.2falsetrueIncrease smoking cessation attempts by adult smokersIncrease smoking cessation attempts using evidence-based strategies by adult smokersNational Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Cancer Control Supplement, CDC, NCHS
Tobacco UseTobacco Use PrevalenceTU-5.2falsetrueIncrease recent smoking cessation success by adult smokersIncrease recent smoking cessation success using evidence-based strategies by adult smokersNational Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Cancer Control Supplement, CDC, NCHS
Tobacco UseTobacco Use PrevalenceTU-1.3falsefalseReduce tobacco use by adultsReduce use of cigars by adults0.202.202.2 percent of adults aged 18 years and older were current cigar smokers in 2005 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population)2005-01-012 percentage point improvementNational Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC, NCHShttp://www.healthypeople.gov/node/5289/data_details
Tobacco UseSocial and Environmental ChangesTU-20.3falsetrueIncrease the number of States and the District of Columbia, Territories, and Tribes with comprehensive evidence-based tobacco control programs.Increase the number of Tribes with sustainable and comprehensive evidence-based tobacco control programsState Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation System (STATE), CDC, NCCDPHP, OSH
Tobacco UseSocial and Environmental ChangesTU-20.2falsetrueIncrease the number of States and the District of Columbia, Territories, and Tribes with comprehensive evidence-based tobacco control programs.Increase the number of Territories with sustainable and comprehensive evidence-based tobacco control programsState Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation System (STATE), CDC, NCCDPHP, OSH