The Highway Statistics Series consists of annual reports containing analyzed statistical information on motor fuel, motor vehicle registrations, driver licenses, highway user taxation, highway mileage, travel, and highway finance. Most highway data are submitted by the States directly to Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Each State’s data is analyzed for completeness, reasonableness, consistency, and compliance with data reporting instructions contained in “A Guide to Reporting Highway Statistics”. While the Office of Highway Policy Information of FHWA is responsible for preparation of this publication, a number of the statistical summaries are prepared by other units within the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). This dataset contains information on motor vehicle fatalities and fatal crashes, based on data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). Crash and injury statistics are based on data from the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) General Estimates System (GES). The NASS GES is a probability based sample of police-reported crashes from 60 locations across the country, from which estimates of national totals for injury and property-damage-only crashes are derived.
Motor vehicle travel is a major means of transportation in the United States, providing an unparalleled degree of mobility. Yet for all its advantages, motor vehicle crashes were the leading cause of death for children age 10 and young people 16 to 23 in 2015. The mission of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is to reduce deaths, injuries, and economic losses from motor vehicle crashes. A downward trend is most pronounced with respect to highest-severity crashes, which declined 16.8 percent over that decade. However, the number of fatal crashes have increased 7.0 percent from 2014 to 2015. There was also a 4.1-percent increase in non-fatal injury crashes, a 3.7-percent increase in property-damage-only crashes, and a 3.8 overall increase in the total police-reported crashes. This was a statistically significant increase in the number of non-fatal crashes from 2014 to 2015.