The dataset is provided by OECD (The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) whose mission is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world. OECD’s work is based on continued monitoring of events in member countries as well as outside OECD area, and includes regular projections of short and medium-term economic developments. The OECD Secretariat collects and analyses data, after which committees discuss policy regarding this information, the Council makes decisions, and then governments implement recommendations. The OECD Health Datasets offers the most comprehensive source of comparable statistics on health and health systems across OECD countries. It is an essential tool to carry out comparative analyses and draw lessons from international comparisons of diverse health systems.
The statistics are based on the following definitions of the indicators:
– infant mortality is the number of deaths of children aged under one year of age that occurred in a given year, expressed per 1000 live births
– neonatal mortality is the number of deaths of children under 28 days of age in a given year, expressed per 1000 live births
– perinatal mortality is the ratio of deaths of children within one week of birth (early neonatal deaths) plus fetal deaths of minimum gestation period 28 weeks or minimum fetal weight of 1000 gr, expressed per 1000 births
– maternal mortality is number of maternal deaths, of all causes, per 100,000 live births (the causes are corresponding to the ICD-10 codes O00-O99)
Some of the international variation in infant and neonatal mortality rates may be due to variations among countries in registering practices of premature infants. Most countries have no gestational age or weight limits for mortality registration. However, some countries specify limits based on some combination of gestational age, birth weight or survival. At the same time some variations exist in the definitions of fetal deaths in some countries and as such, care should be exercised when making comparisons between countries. The Eurostat database is the main data source for all European countries. For non European countries, time series are completed based on national data for selected years. The number of deaths of children under 28 days of age in a given year, expressed per 1000 live births.
Breaks in the time-related continuity of data on which the calculated indicators values are based are specified in the content of the dataset.