The Social Security Administration (SSA) has several programs which provide benefits to those who are both disabled and meet other program eligibility requirements. The process for determining whether or not a claimant is disabled is complex. Depending upon a particular claim SSA might evaluate among other factors medical evidence establishing a disabling condition, medical and vocational evidence determining the capacity for work that might remain, the availability of possibly suitable employment, and severity and length of disability. For SSA purposes a claimant is either found disabled or not disabled as SSA awards disability benefits only for long term disability and not for partial or temporary disability. Specific data elements for each state are receipts, determinations, and the number of determinations which were allowances. Additional data is present allowing the calculation for separate eligible adult and child populations their respective SSA benefit receipt rate, disability application filing and allowance rates, and percent of claims with a favorable disability determination. The dataset may be helpful to examine disability application filing trends by time and by state, state agency workloads, and disability claims outcomes.
SSA administers two different programs which pay disability benefits: Social Security Disability Insurance benefits (SSDI), and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). The disability standard for SSDI and SSI benefits are the same except for issues of blindness and for SSI Disabled Child benefits (SSI DC). Eligibility for disability benefits for both programs administered by SSA has two sets of eligibility criteria, namely disability and non-disability criteria. The state agencies’ primary responsibility is to make determinations for SSA on the issue of disability for claims filed by residents of the state or similar entity. However, states with heavy workloads might transfer cases to other state agencies or to a federal component, and states with available capacity may receive transferred cases from other state agencies.
The state agencies for Maine, New York, Michigan, Washington and Montana also process SSA disability claims for residents of Canada. In addition to the fifty states a disability unit exists for the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and Guam. The term “state agency” applies to these additional entities as well. SSA also refers to a state agency as a Disability Determination Service (DDS). Initial disability determinations for any other residents not mentioned are handled by a federal component.
Beyond the factor of disability, benefit eligibility and amount for SSDI depends primarily on the earnings of the person against which a claim is being made. In addition to being found disabled, benefit eligibility and amount for SSI benefits depends on income and resources available plus other factors such as residency and US citizenship status. While a state agency makes a determination concerning whether or not a claimant is disabled, SSA makes a separate determination as to whether all applicable non-disability eligibility requirements have been met. Both determinations must be favorable in order for disability benefits to be awarded.
The redundant columns are deleted.
File_Name: Contains the name of the file (including the extension) from which this row came, and is the same for every row in the dataset, SSA-SA-FYWL.csv
File_Version: Identifies the version of the file in which this row was found. It currently has a value of 2. File Version will be the same for every row in the dataset. The version number is incremented whenever a definitional change occurs to the dataset. Here it is 2
Update_Date: Indicates the date the data in the file was produced, whether for update or correction purposes. This date will be the same for every row in the dataset (11/10/2015)
Since the SSI program is not available in Puerto Rico all SSI Disabled Child values for Puerto Rico are shown as blanks. Data for Guam (GU) is absent.