This geo-coded inventory of hospital in Africa was created to enhance access to health services and hospitals by the population.
Timely access to emergency care can significantly reduce mortality. International benchmarks for access to emergency hospital care have been established to guide ambitions for universal health care by 2030.
A cost distance algorithm based on the location of 4908 public hospitals, population distributions, and road networks were used to compute the proportion of populations living within a combined walking and motorized travel time of 2 hours to emergency hospital services. The study estimated that 286 million (29%) people and 64 million (28%) women of childbearing age are located more than 2 hours from the nearest hospital. Marked differences were observed within and between countries.
The study showed that only 17 countries reached the international benchmark of more than 80% of their populations living within a 2-hour travel time of the nearest hospital.