The data on this dataset was from the paper, Worldwide mortality in men and women aged 15–59 years from 1970 to 2010: a systematic analysis, published online in The Lancet on April 30, 2010.
This study aimed to estimate worldwide mortality in men and women aged 15–59 years given that adult mortality is a crucial priority for global health but has received little policy attention, resources, or monitoring efforts.
A database of 3889 measurements of adult mortality for 187 countries from 1970 to 2010 using vital registration data and census and survey data for deaths in the household corrected for completeness, and sibling history data from surveys corrected for survival bias was compiled and analyzed using Gaussian process regression to generate yearly estimates of the probability of death between the ages of 15 years and 60 years (45q15) for men and women for every country with uncertainty intervals that indicate sampling and non-sampling error. These analytical methods have good predictive validity for countries with missing data.
This study showed that adult mortality varied substantially across countries and over time. Between 1970 and 2010, substantial increases in adult mortality occurred in sub-Saharan Africa because of the HIV epidemic and in countries in or related to the former Soviet Union. Notably, there was stagnation in the decline of adult mortality for large countries in southeast Asia and a striking decline in female mortality in South Asia.
In conclusion, this study recommended that prevention of premature adult death is just as important for global health policy as the improvement of child survival. Routine monitoring of adult mortality should be given much greater emphasis.