When an appointment is required, a requester creates new Appointment resource with the Appointment status as “proposed”. All included participants (optional or mandatory) should have the status “needs-action” to allow filtering and displaying appointments to user-participants for accepting or rejecting new and updated requests. Based on internal system business rules, certain statuses may be automatically updated, for example: “reject because the requested participant is on vacation” or “this type of user is not allowed to request those specific appointments”.
The reply process is simply performed by the person/system handling the requests updating the participant statuses as needed. If there are multiple systems involved, then these will create Appointment Response entries with the desired statuses. Once all participants have their participation status created/updated (and the main system marking the appointment participant records with the Appointment Response statuses) then the overall status of the Appointment is updated.
Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) is a draft standard describing data formats and elements (known as “resources”) and an application programming interface (API) for exchanging electronic health records. The standard was created by the Health Level Seven International (HL7) health-care standards organization.
Its goal is to facilitate interoperation between legacy healthcare systems, to make it easy to provide healthcare information to healthcare providers and individuals on a wide variety of devices from computers to tablets to cell phones, and to allow third-party application developers to provide medical applications which can be easily integrated into existing systems.
FHIR provides an alternative to document-centric approaches by directly exposing discrete data elements as services. For example, basic elements of healthcare like patients, admissions, diagnostic reports and medications can each be retrieved and manipulated via their own resource URLs (Uniform Resource Locators). FHIR was supported at an American Medical Informatics Association meeting by many EHR (Electronic Health Record) vendors which value its open and extensible nature.