Family Member History resource records significant health conditions for a particular individual related to the subject. This information can be known to different levels of accuracy. Sometimes the exact condition (‘asthma’) is known, and sometimes it is less precise (‘some sort of cancer’). Equally, sometimes the person can be identified (‘my aunt Agatha’) and sometimes all that is known is that the person was an uncle.
This resource represents a simple structure used to capture an ‘elementary’ family history for a particular family member. However, it can also be the basis for capturing a more rigorous history useful for genetic and other analysis – refer to the Genetic Pedigree profile for an example.
The entire family history for an individual can be represented by combining references to Family Member History instances into a List resource instance.
Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) is a draft standard describing data formats and elements (known as “resources”) and an application programming interface (API) for exchanging electronic health records. The standard was created by the Health Level Seven International (HL7) health-care standards organization.
Its goal is to facilitate interoperation between legacy healthcare systems, to make it easy to provide healthcare information to healthcare providers and individuals on a wide variety of devices from computers to tablets to cell phones, and to allow third-party application developers to provide medical applications which can be easily integrated into existing systems.
FHIR provides an alternative to document-centric approaches by directly exposing discrete data elements as services. For example, basic elements of healthcare like patients, admissions, diagnostic reports and medications can each be retrieved and manipulated via their own resource URLs (Uniform Resource Locators). FHIR was supported at an American Medical Informatics Association meeting by many EHR (Electronic Health Record) vendors which value its open and extensible nature.