NASA Global Temperature Anomalies Time Series 1880-2019

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This dataset offers a historical view on temperature anomalies (i.e. deviations from the corresponding 1951-1980 means) starting with January 1880 and until October 2019. The estimated values contained in this dataset are averages for every month of the year (at a global level and earth hemispheres), for the entire year and for every season of the year.

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The source of the data contained in this dataset is NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies that represent an output of GISS Surface Temperature Analysis. Research at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) emphasizes a broad study of global change, which is an interdisciplinary initiative addressing natural and man-made changes in the environment. GISS is located at Columbia University in New York City. The institute is a laboratory in the Earth Sciences Division of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and is affiliated with the Columbia Earth Institute and School of Engineering and Applied Science.

The GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP) is an estimate of global surface temperature change. Graphs and tables are updated around the middle of every month using current data files from National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Global Historical Climatology Network (meteorological stations), Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ocean areas) and Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (Antarctic stations), combined as described in NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies, December 2010 publication (Hansen et al. 2010). The model compares alternative analyses and addresses questions about perception and reality of global warming; various choices for the ocean data are tested; it is also shown that global temperature change is sensitive to estimated temperature change in polar regions, where observations are limited.

The estimated averages are calculated after outliers removing and with homogeneity adjustment. In the same time average temperature for the season (December-January-February) of 1950 is calculated by subtracting February 1950 from December 1949.

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John Snow Labs; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Goddard Institute for Space Studies;

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Source License Requirements


Source Citation

GISTEMP Team, 2018 GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP). NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. Dataset accessed 2018-12-05. Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, M. Sato, and K. Lo, 2010 Global surface temperature change, Rev. Geophys., 48, RG4004, doi10.1029/2010RG000345.


Temperature Anomalies, World Temperature, Global Temperature History, Temperature By Month, Annual Temperature, Land Surface Temperature, Sea Surface Temperature

Other Titles

History Of World Land Surface And Sea Temperature, World Temperature Trends Starting 1800

YearThe year which estimated data in a row correspondsdaterequired : 1
Measurement_RegionThe geographical area at which measurment is done: land air surface (at global level), land air surface (from the northern hemisphere level), land air surface (from the southern hemisphere), land and oceans (at global level), land and oceans (from the northern hemisphere level), land and oceans (from the southern hemisphere)stringrequired : 1
January_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature in January (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
February_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature in February (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
March_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature in March (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
April_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature in April (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
May_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature in May (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
June_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature in June (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
July_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature in July (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
August_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature in August (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
September_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature in September (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
October_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature in October (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
November_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature in November (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
December_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature in December (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
January_December_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature measured from January to December (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
December_November_Average_TemperatureThe average temperature measured from December to November, next year (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
Seasonal_Temperature_December_January_FebruaryThe seasonal average temperature measured from December to February (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
Seasonal_Temperature_March_April_MayThe seasonal average temperature measured from March to May (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
Seasonal_Temperature_June_July_AugustThe seasonal average temperature measured from June to August (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
Seasonal_Temperature_September_October_NovemberThe seasonal average temperature measured from September to December (in Celsius degrees)numberlevel : Interval
YearMeasurement RegionJanuary Average TemperatureFebruary Average TemperatureMarch Average TemperatureApril Average TemperatureMay Average TemperatureJune Average TemperatureJuly Average TemperatureAugust Average TemperatureSeptember Average TemperatureOctober Average TemperatureNovember Average TemperatureDecember Average TemperatureJanuary December Average TemperatureDecember November Average TemperatureSeasonal Temperature December January FebruarySeasonal Temperature March April MaySeasonal Temperature June July AugustSeasonal Temperature September October November
2019Global Land & Ocean0.930.951.181.020.860.920.940.930.921.040.931.020.93
2019Northern Hemisphere Land & Ocean1.21.121.541.250.991.
2019Southern Hemisphere Land0.660.770.80.780.740.650.840.780.620.750.720.770.76
2018Global Land & Ocean0.770.840.910.870.820.740.790.730.740.990.830.870.75
2018Northern Hemisphere Land & Ocean1.
2018Southern Hemisphere Land & Ocean0.470.450.630.840.690.650.760.650.580.770.460.720.69
2018Global Land1.
2018Northern Hemisphere Land1.371.611.581.171.160.961.
2018Southern Hemisphere Land0.740.710.861.230.890.781.010.810.70.910.730.990.87
2017Global Land & Ocean0.971.121.130.930.880.70.810.870.80.90.870.890.90.890.960.980.790.83