The dataset is provided by OECD (The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) whose mission is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world. OECD’s work is based on continued monitoring of events in member countries as well as outside OECD area, and includes regular projections of short and medium-term economic developments. The OECD Secretariat collects and analyses data, after which committees discuss policy regarding this information, the Council makes decisions, and then governments implement recommendations. The OECD Health Datasets offers the most comprehensive source of comparable statistics on health and health systems across OECD countries. It is an essential tool to carry out comparative analyses and draw lessons from international comparisons of diverse health systems.
The quantity of tobacco consumed represents the annual consumption of tobacco items (e.g. cigarettes, cigars) in grams per person aged 15 years old or more. The methodology to convert tobacco items into grams may differ across countries. Typically a cigarette weighs approximately 1 gram of which the tobacco content can vary between 65-100% depending on the type of cigarette; a cigar weighs approximately 2 grams and contains a similar proportion of tobacco as a cigarette. Time series are completed based on national data for selected years. On the other side, the number of cigarettes smoked by a smoker per day is based on survey data (self-reported) provided by every country.
The alcohol consumption data are based on the annual consumption of pure alcohol in liters, per person, aged 15 years old and over. Methodology to convert alcoholic drinks to pure alcohol may differ across countries. Typically beer is weighted as 4-5%, wine as 11-16% and spirits as 40% of pure alcohol equivalent. The primary source of data is World Health Organization (WHO) through the Global Information System on Alcohol and Health (GISAH). Other countries have supplied data directly. According to WHO GISAH methodology for collecting data about alcohol consumption specifies the recorded alcohol per capita (persons 15 years and older) consumption of pure alcohol is calculated as the sum of beverage specific alcohol consumption of pure alcohol (beer, wine, spirits, other) from different sources, as follows:
– The first priority in the decision tree is given to government statistics
– Second are country-specific alcohol industry statistics in the public domain (Canadean, International Wine and Spirit Research, International Organisation of Vine and Wine, Wine Institute, historically World Drink Trends)
– And third is the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations’ statistical database
In order to make the conversion into liters of pure alcohol, the alcohol content (% alcohol by volume) is
considered to be as follows:
– Beer (barley beer 5%)
– Wine (grape wine 12%, must of grape 9%, vermouth 16%)
– Spirits (distilled spirits 40%; spirit-like 30%)
– And others (sorghum, millet, maize beers 5%; cider 5%; fortified wine 17% and 18%; fermented wheat and fermented rice 9%; other fermented beverages 9%)
All food related statistics are based on data from Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Breaks in the time-related continuity of data on which the calculated indicators values are based are specified in the content of dataset. There are also specified the cases were the methodology used for data collection was different or if the values are estimated.