Since 1994, CDC’s National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) has funded state cancer registries to collect population-based cancer incidence data under Public Law 102-515, the Cancer Registries Amendment Act. One of NPCR’s goals is to release these data to public health planners and others to monitor the burden of disease and to implement cancer prevention and control programs. Starting in 2001, NPCR began receiving data annually from funded programs with the goals of establishing the quality of the data and eventually releasing the data for use in public health planning.
Data from the United States Cancer Statistics Incidence and Mortality Web-based Report provide a basis for research, cancer control planning, health communications, and policy development efforts. Below are examples that illustrate these potential data uses
– Describing the variability in cancer incidence and death rates across different populations and identifying patterns.
– Determining differences in the cancer burden in similar states or regions to guide planning efforts for cancer control programs.
– Identifying populations at risk for certain cancers and developing effective, evidence-based cancer prevention and control activities for these groups based on identifying populations at risk for certain cancers.
– Helping design, implement, and expand comprehensive cancer control efforts.
– Providing information for a national database of cancer incidence and mortality data that can be used in conducting data linkages and designing special studies.
– Responding to community and media inquiries about cancer incidence and cancer mortality.
– Developing Web-based resources to help state health departments plan effective cancer prevention and control activities.
– Developing culturally sensitive and linguistically appropriate materials to communicate with diverse racial and ethnic audiences.
– Developing guidelines, policy, or legislation to strengthen or enhance cancer control efforts.
– Conducting special studies to advance clinical, epidemiologic, and health services research.
– Providing information to help state registries improve the quality and usefulness of their data and to link with other databases.
– Setting priorities for allocating health resources.