Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections

$179 / year

This dataset discusses cases of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) in hospitals and is reported to the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). Among UTIs acquired in the hospital, approximately 75% are associated with a urinary catheter, which is a tube inserted into the bladder through the urethra to drain urine. Between 15-25% of hospitalized patients receive urinary catheters during their hospital stay.

Complexity

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection involving any part of the urinary system, including urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidney. UTIs are the most common type of healthcare-associated infection reported to the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). The most important risk factor for developing a catheter-associated UTI (CAUTI) is prolonged use of the urinary catheter. Therefore, catheters should only be used for appropriate indications and should be removed as soon as they are no longer needed.

A catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) occurs when germs (usually bacteria) enter the urinary tract through the urinary catheter and cause infection. CAUTIs have been associated with increased morbidity, mortality, healthcare costs, and length of stay. The risk of CAUTI can be reduced by ensuring that catheters are used only when needed and removed as soon as possible; that catheters are placed using proper aseptic technique; and that the closed sterile drainage system is maintained.

A catheter-associated bloodstream infection is serious, but often can be successfully treated with antibiotics. The catheter might need to be removed if you develop an infection.

To prevent catheter-associated bloodstream infections doctors and nurses will:
– Choose a vein where the catheter can be safely inserted and where the risk for infection is small.
– Clean their hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub before putting in the catheter.
– Wear a mask, cap, sterile gown, and sterile gloves when putting in the catheter to keep it sterile. The patient will be covered with
a sterile sheet.
– Clean the patient’s skin with an antiseptic cleanser before putting in the catheter.
– Clean their hands, wear gloves, and clean the catheter opening with an antiseptic solution before using the catheter to draw blood or give medications. Healthcare providers also clean their hands and wear gloves when changing the bandage that covers
the area where the catheter enters the skin.
– Decide every day if the patient still needs to have the catheter.The catheter will be removed as soon as it is no longer needed.
– Carefully handle medications and fluids that are given through the catheter.

Date Created

2015

Last Modified

2016-03-02

Version

1

Update Frequency

Annual

Temporal Coverage

N/A

Spatial Coverage

United States

Source

John Snow Labs; Centre For Disease Control and Prevention (cdc.gov);

Source License URL

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Urinary Tract Infection, Urinary Tract Infection Cases, Urinary Tract Infection Statistics, UTI Related Infections, Healthcare Associsted Infections, Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections

Other Titles

Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections, HAI Progress Report 2013

NameDescriptionTypeConstraints
StateName of U.S. State, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Ricostringrequired : 1
Number_of_Facilities_in_StateIdentifies the number of acute care facilities in a state.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Any_State_Mandate_2012Indicates that whether a legislative or regulatory requirement (“state mandate”) exists or not for acute care hospitals to report data to the state health department or hospital association via NHSN for the given HAI type.The values are "Yes", "No" or "Mid-year Implementation". It indicates that no state mandate existed at the beginning of the reporting period, but was implemented during the reporting period as 'mid-year implementation'.stringrequired : 1
Any_Validation_2012Indicates that whether the state health department reported the completion of all validation activities. The Values are "Yes", "No" and "YesA". "YesA" indicates that the state also conducted an audit of facility medical or laboratory records prior to July 1, 2013 to confirm proper case ascertainment.stringrequired : 1
Number_of_Facilities_Reporting_2012Identifies the number of facilities reporting in the state for the year 2012.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_Total_2012Identifies the total number of locations reporting in the state for the year 2012.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_ICU_2012Identifies the number of Intensive Care Unit locations reporting in the state for the year 2012.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_Wards_2012Identifies the number of wards locations reporting in the state for the year 2012.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Is_Any_State_Mandate_2013Indicates that whether a legislative or regulatory requirement (“state mandate”) exists or not for acute care hospitals to report data to the state health department or hospital association via NHSN for the given HAI type.The values are "Yes" or "No".booleanrequired : 1
Any_Validation_2013Indicates that whether the state health department reported the completion of all validation activities. The Values are "Yes", "No" and "YesA". "YesA" indicates that the state also conducted an audit of facility medical or laboratory records prior to July 1, 2014 to confirm proper case ascertainment.stringrequired : 1
Number_of_Facilities_Reporting_2013Identifies the number of facilities reporting in the state for the year 2013.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_Total_2013Identifies the total number of locations reporting in the state for the year 2013.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_ICU_2013Identifies the number of Intensive Care Unit locations reporting in the state for the year 2013.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Locations_Wards_2013Identifies the number of wards locations reporting in the state for the year 2013.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
StateNumber_of_Facilities_in_StateAny_State_Mandate_2012Any_Validation_2012Number_of_Facilities_Reporting_2012Locations_Total_2012Locations_ICU_2012Locations_Wards_2012Is_Any_State_Mandate_2013Any_Validation_2013Number_of_Facilities_Reporting_2013Locations_Total_2013Locations_ICU_2013Locations_Wards_2013
Vermont16NoNo5770falseNo5770
D.C.12NoNo7331914falseYes7401822
Alaska26NoNo12291118falseNo10321022
Idaho47NoNo1525178falseYesA17291910
Maine41NoNo22523022falseYes21502723
Wyoming31NoNo24321319falseNo24361323
North Dakota48NoNo615114falseNo616115
Nebraska95NoNo20862660falseNo20832558
Oregon64NoNo471045846falseNo511246955
Iowa122NoYes681084959falseYes681245371