Changes in State Specific SIRs for CAUTI All Locations 2012-2013

$179 / year

The Standardized Infection Ratio (SIR) is a statistic used to track healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) over time, at a national, state, or facility level. The SIR compares the actual number of HAIs at each hospital, to the predicted number of infections. The predicted number is an estimate based on national baseline data, and it is risk adjusted. Risk adjustment takes into account that some hospitals treat sicker patients than others.

Complexity

A catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) occurs when germs (usually bacteria) enter the urinary tract through the urinary catheter and cause infection. CAUTIs have been associated with increased morbidity, mortality, healthcare costs, and length of stay. The risk of CAUTI can be reduced by ensuring that catheters are used only when needed and removed as soon as possible; that catheters are placed using proper aseptic technique; and that the closed sterile drainage system is maintained. A catheter-associated bloodstream infection is serious, but often can be successfully treated with antibiotics. The catheter might need to be removed if you develop an infection.

The Standardized Infection Ratio (SIR) is a statistic used to track healthcare associated infections (HAIs) over time, at a national, state, or facility level. lower SIRs are better. If the SIR is 1, then the number of actual infections is the same as the number of predicted infections. If the SIR is less than 1, then the number of actual infections is less than the number of predicted infections. If the SIR is greater than 1, then the number of actual infections is greater than the number of predicted infections. Usually, a low SIR reflects the results of robust HAI prevention strategies. These scenarios are exciting, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with facilities and states to learn and share best practices

Date Created

2015

Last Modified

2016-03-02

Version

1

Update Frequency

Annual

Temporal Coverage

N/A

Spatial Coverage

United States

Source

John Snow Labs; Centre For Disease Control and Prevention (cdc.gov);

Source License URL

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Healthcare Associated Infections, Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections, Changes in State-Specific Standardized Infection Ratios

Other Titles

SIRs for CAUTI, HAI Progress Report 2013

NameDescriptionTypeConstraints
StateName of U.S. State, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Ricostringrequired : 1
SIR_2012Standardized Infection Ratio for year 2012 which is the ratio of Number of infections observed to number of infections predicted.numberrequired : 1 level : Ratio
SIR_2013Standardized Infection Ratio for year 2013 which is the ratio of Number of infections observed to number of infections predicted.numberrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Percent_ChangePercentage change between 2012 SIR value and 2013 SIR value.integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Direction_of_ChangeIndicates the direction of change in SIR value.stringrequired : 1
P_ValueThe SIR p-value is a statistical measure that tells you if the observed number of infections is significantly differentnumberrequired : 1 level : Ratio
StateSIR_2012SIR_2013Percent_ChangeDirection_of_ChangeP_Value
D.C.1.3141.2961Decrease0.9010
Iowa0.9430.8846Decrease0.5377
Ohio0.9020.9182Increase0.6747
Texas0.9421.0289Increase0.0048
Utah1.8391.64011Decrease0.2204
Idaho1.1451.00312Decrease0.4421
Maine1.9061.71810Decrease0.3609
Nevada0.9961.0819Increase0.2020
All US1.0231.0573Increase0.0000
Alaska1.3261.01623Decrease0.2074