A catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) occurs when germs (usually bacteria) enter the urinary tract through the urinary catheter and cause infection. CAUTIs have been associated with increased morbidity, mortality, healthcare costs, and length of stay. The risk of CAUTI can be reduced by ensuring that catheters are used only when needed and removed as soon as possible; that catheters are placed using proper aseptic technique; and that the closed sterile drainage system is maintained. A catheter-associated bloodstream infection is serious, but often can be successfully treated with antibiotics. The catheter might need to be removed if you develop an infection.
The Standardized Infection Ratio (SIR) is a statistic used to track healthcare associated infections (HAIs) over time, at a national, state, or facility level. lower SIRs are better. If the SIR is 1, then the number of actual infections is the same as the number of predicted infections. If the SIR is less than 1, then the number of actual infections is less than the number of predicted infections. If the SIR is greater than 1, then the number of actual infections is greater than the number of predicted infections. Usually, a low SIR reflects the results of robust HAI prevention strategies. These scenarios are exciting, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with facilities and states to learn and share best practices