The dataset is provided by OECD (The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) whose mission is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world. OECD’s work is based on continued monitoring of events in member countries as well as outside OECD area, and includes regular projections of short and medium-term economic developments. The OECD Secretariat collects and analyses data, after which committees discuss policy regarding this information, the Council makes decisions, and then governments implement recommendations. The OECD Health Datasets offers the most comprehensive source of comparable statistics on health and health systems across OECD countries. It is an essential tool to carry out comparative analyses and draw lessons from international comparisons of diverse health systems.
Life expectancy at birth and at ages 40, 60, 65 and 80 years old is the average number of years that a person at that age can be expected to live, assuming that age-specific mortality levels remain constant. Life expectancy at birth for the total population was estimated by the OECD Secretariat for all countries, using the unweighted average of life expectancy of men and women. The Eurostat database is the main data source for all European countries. For non European countries, time series are completed based on national data for selected years.
Years Of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) is a summary measure of premature mortality which provides an explicit way of weighting deaths occurring at younger ages, which are, a priori, preventable. The calculation of YPLL involves summing up deaths occurring at each age and multiplying this with the number of remaining years to live up to a selected age limit. The limit of 70 years has been chosen for the calculations in OECD Health Statistics. In order to assure cross-country and trend comparison, the PYLL are standardized, for each country and each year. The YPLL per 100,000 population are calculated by the OECD Secretariat based on age-specific death statistics provided by the World Health Organization. The total OECD population in 2010 is taken as the reference population for age standardization.
Breaks in the time-related continuity of data on which the calculated indicators values are based are specified in the content of the dataset.