OECD Long Term Care Resources And Recipients Statistics

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This dataset contains internationally comparable indicators regarding the long term care workforce, beds and recipients in country members of OECD (The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) and in countries in accession negotiations with OECD. The indicators values cover the period 1980-2016.

Complexity

The OECD (The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) mission is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world. OECD’s work is based on continued monitoring of events in member countries as well as outside OECD area, and includes regular projections of short and medium-term economic developments. The OECD Secretariat collects and analyses data, after which committees discuss policy regarding this information, the Council makes decisions, and then governments implement recommendations. The OECD Health Datasets offers the most comprehensive source of comparable statistics on health and health systems across OECD countries. It is an essential tool to carry out comparative analyses and draw lessons from international comparisons of diverse health systems.

With populations in OECD countries aging, more people are living with long-term care (LTC) needs. The OECD Health Division has an ongoing program of work to support countries in developing long-term care systems that can meet the needs of their populations now and in the future.

Long-term care (health and social) consists of a range of medical, personal care and assistance services that are provided with the primary goal of alleviating pain and reducing or managing the deterioration in health status for people with a degree of long-term dependency, assisting them with their personal care (through help for activities of daily living, ADL, such as eating, washing and dressing) and assisting them to live independently (through help for instrumental activities of daily living, IADL, such as cooking, shopping and managing finances).

Long-term care workers are individuals who provide care to long-term care recipients. Formal LTC workers include two categories: nurses and personal care givers (personal carers). The inclusion and exclusion criteria for nurses are the following:

– Inclusion criteria
– Persons who have completed their studies/education in nursing and who are licensed to practice (including both professional nurses and associate/practical/vocational nurses)
– Salaried and self-employed nurses delivering services at home or in LTC institutions (other than hospitals)
– Foreign nurses licensed to practice and actively practicing in the country
– Nurses providing long-term care to patients affected by dementia and/or Alzheimer’s disease
– Exclusion criteria
– Students who have not yet graduated
– Nursing aids/assistants and care workers who do not have any recognized qualification/certification as a licensed nurse
– Nurses working in administration, research, and in other posts that exclude direct contact with the patients
– Unemployed nurses and retired nurses
– Nurses working abroad
– Nurses providing social services
– Psychiatric nurses

For personal care givers the bellow inclusion criteria have been used:

– Inclusion criteria
– Nursing aids/assistants and care workers providing LTC services, who do not have any recognized qualification/certification in nursing
– Family members, neighbors or friends employed (i.e., under a formal contractual obligation and/or declared to social security systems as caregiver) by the care recipient, or person/agency representing the care recipient, and/or by public care services and private care service companies, to provide the care services to the person in need for care
– Exclusion criteria
– Informal caregivers receiving income support or other cash payments from the care recipient as part of cash programs and/or consumer-choice programs, but who are not formally employed, or paid for, by the care recipient (or person/agency representing the care recipient, including providers/organizations, such as public social care services and private care service companies)
– Unemployed and retired caregivers
– Caregivers working abroad
– Caregivers in assessment teams employed to evaluate care needs and other persons employed in administrative positions
– Social workers/community workers

The data contained in this dataset refer to two long-term care settings: at home and in nursing and residential care facilities. Because of this, additional inclusion and exclusion criteria have been used for both workers categories:

– Inclusion criteria
– Nurses and personal carers providing LTC services in nursing and residential care facilities dedicated to long-term nursing care
– Exclusion criteria
– Nurses and personal carers providing LTC services in institutions used on a temporary basis to support continued living at home – such as community care, day care centers and respite care
– Nurses and personal carers providing LTC services in specially designed or adapted living arrangements for persons who require help on a regular basis while guaranteeing a high degree of autonomy and self-control (defined as home)
– Nurses and personal carers providing LTC services in hospitals

Long-term care at home is provided to people with functional restrictions who mainly reside at their own home. It also applies to the use of institutions on a temporary basis to support continued living at home – such as in the case of community care and day care centers and in the case of respite care. Home care also includes specially designed or adapted living arrangements (for instance, sheltered house) for persons who require help on a regular basis while guaranteeing a high degree of autonomy and self-control, and supportive living arrangements.

Long-term care institutions herein refer to nursing and residential care facilities which provide accommodation and long-term care as a package. They refer to specially designed institutions or hospital-like settings where the predominant service component is long-term care and the services are provided for people with moderate to severe functional restrictions.

For long term care recipients have been used the following inclusion and exclusion criteria:

– Inclusion criteria
– Persons who receive long-term care by paid long-term care providers, including non-professionals receiving cash payments under a social program
– Recipients of cash benefits such as consumer-choice program, care allowances or other social benefits which are granted with the primary goal of supporting individuals with long-term care needs based on an assessment of needs
– Exclusion criteria
– Persons receiving long-term care in hospitals
– Disabled persons of working age who receive income benefits or benefits for labor market integration without long-term care services
– Persons who need help only with instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), that is, receiving only long-term social care as defined under the Health Accounts questionnaire

For the third indicator category, regarding the beds from long term care facilities the following criteria have been used:

– Inclusion criteria
– Long-term nursing care facilities
– Other residential long-term care facilities
– Exclusion criteria
– Beds in hospitals dedicated to long-term care
– Beds in residential settings such as adapted housing that can be considered as people’s home

The indicators are based on data provided at country level.

Breaks in the time-related continuity of data on which the calculated indicators values are based are specified in the content of dataset. There are also specified the cases were the methodology used for data collection was different or if the values are estimated.

Date Created

2017-11-10

Last Modified

2019-07-02

Version

2019-07-02

Update Frequency

Irregular

Temporal Coverage

2005-2018

Spatial Coverage

OECD Members and Partners Countries

Source

John Snow Labs; The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development;

Source License URL

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

OECD Health Care Indicators, OECD Long Term Care, Care Homes, Care Workers, Home Health Care, Nurses Care Resources, Personal Carers, Long Term Caregivers, Care Homes Beds, Long Term Care Recipients

Other Titles

OECD Long Term Health Care Workforce, Beds And Recipients Statistics, Long Term Health Care Data For OECD Countries Starting 2005

NameDescriptionTypeConstraints
YearThe year corresponding to the specified long term health care indicator value for a country and a combination of care settings and demographicsdaterequired : 1
CountryThe name of the country member of OECD or in accession negotiations with OECDstringrequired : 1
Country_AbbreviationThe abbreviated name of the country member of OECD or in accession negotiations with OECDstringrequired : 1
Country_StatusSpecifies whether the country is member of OECD or has an accession agreement with OECDstringenum : Array required : 1
Long_Term_Care_IndicatorSpecifies the indicatory categorystringenum : Array required : 1
Indicator_MeasurementValue: Frequency, Per 100 population, Per 1000 population, Per 100 recipients (same age group)stringrequired : 1
Long_Term_Care_SettingsValue: Nursing and residential care facilities, Home and Nursing and residential care facilities, Homestringrequired : 1
Workers_CategorySpecifies the category to which the long term health care workers belongstringenum : Array
Workers_Counting_MethodSpecifies whether the workers are counted using full-time equivalent data or head count datastringenum : Array
Workers_GenderSpecifies the gender of the long term health care workersstringenum : Array
Recipients_GenderSpecifies the gender of the long term health care recipientsstringenum : Array
Recipients_AgeSpecifies the age group of the long term health care recipientsstringenum : Array
General_Population_AgeSpecifies the age group of the general populationstringenum : Array
Indicator_ValueThe value of the long term health care indicator for the specified year, country and the combination of care settings and demographicsnumberlevel : Ratio
Additional_NotesAdditional information related to the indicator value or measurementstring-
YearCountryCountry AbbreviationCountry StatusLong Term Care IndicatorIndicator MeasurementLong Term Care SettingsWorkers CategoryWorkers Counting MethodWorkers GenderRecipients GenderRecipients AgeGeneral Population AgeIndicator ValueAdditional Notes
2012AustraliaAUSOECD memberFormal LTC workersFrequencyHome and Nursing and residential care facilitiesNursesHead countsBoth genders50598.0Estimated value
2016AustraliaAUSOECD memberFormal LTC workersFrequencyHome and Nursing and residential care facilitiesNursesHead countsBoth genders47448.0Estimated value
2010CanadaCANOECD memberFormal LTC workersFrequencyHome and Nursing and residential care facilitiesNursesHead countsBoth genders69771.0Estimated value
2011CanadaCANOECD memberFormal LTC workersFrequencyHome and Nursing and residential care facilitiesNursesHead countsBoth genders70335.0
2012CanadaCANOECD memberFormal LTC workersFrequencyHome and Nursing and residential care facilitiesNursesHead countsBoth genders72607.0Estimated value
2013CanadaCANOECD memberFormal LTC workersFrequencyHome and Nursing and residential care facilitiesNursesHead countsBoth genders69034.0Estimated value
2014CanadaCANOECD memberFormal LTC workersFrequencyHome and Nursing and residential care facilitiesNursesHead countsBoth genders72231.0Estimated value
2015CanadaCANOECD memberFormal LTC workersFrequencyHome and Nursing and residential care facilitiesNursesHead countsBoth genders75033.0Estimated value
2016CanadaCANOECD memberFormal LTC workersFrequencyHome and Nursing and residential care facilitiesNursesHead countsBoth genders76898.0
2017CanadaCANOECD memberFormal LTC workersFrequencyHome and Nursing and residential care facilitiesNursesHead countsBoth genders76980.0Estimated value