United States Price Indices and Quantities of Farm Output and Input

$79 / year

This dataset provides estimates of productivity growth in the U.S. farm sector for 1948-2013, including Price indices and implicit quantities of farm outputs and inputs.

Complexity

It is widely agreed that increased productivity is the main contributor to economic growth in U.S. agriculture. The level of U.S. farm output was about 2.7 times its 1948 level in 2013, growing at an average annual rate of 1.52 percent. Aggregate input use increased at a modest 0.05 percent annually in the same period, so the positive growth in farm sector output was very substantially due to productivity growth, which increased at an average 1.47 percent per year.

Single-factor measures of productivity, such as corn production per acre (yield or land productivity) or per hour of labor (labor productivity), have been used for many years because the underlying data are often easily available. While useful, such measures can also mislead. For example, yields could increase simply because farmers are adding more of other inputs, such as chemicals, labor, or machinery, to their land base. USDA produces measures of total factor productivity (TFP), taking account of the use of all inputs to the production process.

Specifically, annual productivity growth is the difference between growth of agricultural output and the growth of all inputs taken together. Productivity, therefore, measures changes in the efficiency with which inputs are transformed into outputs. USDA also produces State-level productivity measures (annual growth rates as well as cross-State differences in levels) of productivity, or differences in output per unit of combined inputs. Input measures are adjusted for changes in their quality, such as improvements in the efficacy of chemicals and seeds, changes in the demographics of the farm workforce, or innovations in machinery design. As a result, agricultural productivity is driven by innovations in on-farm tasks, changes in the organization and structure of the farm sector, and research aimed at improvements in farm production. In the short-term, measured agricultural productivity can also be affected by random events like the weather.
– U.S. agricultural productivity growth compares favorably to agricultural productivity growth in other industrialized countries, and to productivity growth in the overall U.S. economy.
– The level of U.S. farm output more than doubled between 1948 and 2013, growing at an average annual rate of 1.52 percent. Aggregate input use increased at a modest 0.05 percent annually in the same period, so the positive growth in farm sector output was very substantially due to productivity (sometimes referred to as total factor productivity, or TFP) growth, which increased at an annual 1.47 percent over the 1948-2013 period.
– During the 2007-13 subperiod, growth in output maintained an average annual rate of about 0.9 percent, comparable to that in the 2000-07 subperiod (the subperiods are measured from cyclical peak-to-peak in aggregate economic activity). During 2007-13, however, input use declined 0.54 percent per year (compared to increasing 0.32 percent per year over 2000-07), and measured average annual TFP growth rate rebounded from 0.6 percent during 2000-07 to 1.45 percent during 2007-13.

Date Created

2013

Last Modified

2015-12-14

Version

2015-12-14

Update Frequency

Annual

Temporal Coverage

1948-2013

Spatial Coverage

United States

Source

John Snow Labs => United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Economic Research Service (ERS)

Source License URL

John Snow Labs Standard License

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Farm Practices in the US, Agricultural Productivity, Farm Productivity Growth, US Agriculture, Farm Practices in US

Other Titles

Estimation of Productivity Growth in United States Farm Sector, United States Productivity in Farm Sector

Name Description Type Constraints
Production_YearYear of productiondaterequired : 1
Price_of_Total_OutputTotal output is defined as gross production leaving the farm, as opposed to real value added. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Total_OutputQuantity of total output attained. Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Total_Price_of_All_Livestock_and_Products_OutputPrice of Total output of livestock and their products including meat animals, dairy, poultry and eggs etc. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Total_Quantity_of_All_Livestock_and_Products_OutputQuantity of Total output of livestock and their products including meat animals, dairy, poultry and eggs etc. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Meat_Animals_OutputPrice of Total meat animal output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Meat_Animals_OutputQuantity of Total meat animal output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Dairy_OutputPrice of Total dairy output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Dairy_OutputQuantity of Total dairy output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Poultry_and_Eggs_OutputPrice of Total poultry and eggs output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Poultry_and_Eggs_OutputQuantity of Total poultry and eggs output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Total_Price_of_All_Crops_OutputPrice of Total crops output achieved including all food grains, feed, oil, vegetables and melons, fruits and nuts crops etc Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Total_Quantity_of_All_Crops_OutputQuantity of Total crops output achieved including all food grains, feed, oil, vegetables and melons, fruits and nuts crops etc Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Food_Grain_Crops_OutputPrice of Total crops output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Food_Grain_Crops_OutputQuantity of Total crops output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Feed_Crops_OutputPrice of Total feed crops output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Feed_Crops_OutputQuantity of Total feed crops output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Oil_Crops_OutputPrice of Total oil crops output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Oil_Crops_OutputQuantity of Total oil crops output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Vegetables_and_Melons_OutputPrice of Total vegetables and melons crops output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Vegetables_and_Melons_OutputQuantity of Total vegetables and melons crops output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Fruits_and_Nuts_OutputPrice of Total fruits and nuts crops output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Fruits_and_Nuts_OutputQuantity of Total fruits and nuts crops output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Miscellaneous_Crops_OutputPrice of Output from the miscellaneous crops Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Miscellaneous_Crops_OutputQuantity of Output from the miscellaneous crops Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Farm_Related_OutputPrice of Gross farm related output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Farm_Related_OutputQuantity of Gross farm related output achieved Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Total_Farm_InputPrice of Fram related input Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Total_Farm_InputQuantity of Fram related input Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_All_Capital_InputPrice of all of the capital input applied Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_All_Capital_InputQuantity of all of the capital input applied Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Durable_Equipment_InputPrice of Capital input of durable equipments Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Durable_Equipment_InputQuantity of Capital input of durable equipments Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Service_Buildings_Capital_InputPrice of Capital input of service buildings Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Service_Buildings_Capital_InputQuantity of Capital input of service buildings Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Land_Capital_InputPrice of Capital input of the agricultural land Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Land_Capital_InputQuantity of Capital input of the agricultural land Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Inventories_InputPrice of Capital input of the inventories Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Inventories_InputQuantity of Capital input of the inventories Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Total_Price_of_Labor_InputPrice of Total input given by the labor Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Total_Quantity_of_Labor_InputQuantity of Total input given by the labor Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Hired_Labor_InputPrice of Input given by the hired labor Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Hired_Labor_InputQuantity of Input given by the hired labor Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Self_Employed_and_Unpaid_Family_Labor_InputPrice of Input given by self-employed and unpaid family labor Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Self_Employed_and_Unpaid_Family_Labor_InputQuantity of Input given by self-employed and unpaid family labor Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_All_Intermediate_Goods_InputPrice of Input given by intermediate goods, including feed, seed, energy, fertilizer, lime and pesticide. Intermediate goods produced and consumed within the farm are self-canceling transactions and, therefore, do not enter either output or input accounts. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_All_Intermediate_Goods_InputQuantity of Input given by intermediate goods, including feed, seed, energy, fetrilizer, lime and pesticide. Intermediate goods produced and consumed within the farm are self-canceling transactions and, therefore, do not enter either output or input accounts. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Feed_and_Seed_InputPrice of Input given by feed and seed crops Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Feed_and_Seed_InputQuantity of Input given by feed and seed crops Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Energy_InputPrice of Farm input contributed by energy utilized. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Energy_InputQuantity of Farm input contributed by energy utilized. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Fertilizer_and_Lime_InputPrice of Farm input contributed by lime and fertilizer. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Fertilizer_and_Lime_InputQuantity of Farm input contributed by lime and fertilizer. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Pesticides_InputPrice of Farm input contributed by pesticides. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Pesticides_InputQuantity of Farm input contributed by pesticides. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Purchased_Services_InputPrice of Farm input contributed by purchased services. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Purchased_Services_InputQuality of Farm input contributed by purchased services. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Price_of_Miscellaneous_Intermediate_Good_InputPrice of Farm input contributed by miscellaneous sources of goods. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005numberrequired : 1 level : Nominal
Quantity_of_Miscellaneous_Intermediate_Goods_InputQuality of Farm input contributed by miscellaneous sources of goods. Note: Price indices are relative to 2005 = 1. Quantities are in million, $2005integerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Production_YearPrice_of_Total_OutputQuantity_of_Total_OutputTotal_Price_of_All_Livestock_and_Products_OutputTotal_Quantity_of_All_Livestock_and_Products_OutputPrice_of_Meat_Animals_OutputQuantity_of_Meat_Animals_OutputPrice_of_Dairy_OutputQuantity_of_Dairy_OutputPrice_of_Poultry_and_Eggs_OutputQuantity_of_Poultry_and_Eggs_OutputTotal_Price_of_All_Crops_OutputTotal_Quantity_of_All_Crops_OutputPrice_of_Food_Grain_Crops_OutputQuantity_of_Food_Grain_Crops_OutputPrice_of_Feed_Crops_OutputQuantity_of_Feed_Crops_OutputPrice_of_Oil_Crops_OutputQuantity_of_Oil_Crops_OutputPrice_of_Vegetables_and_Melons_OutputQuantity_of_Vegetables_and_Melons_OutputPrice_of_Fruits_and_Nuts_OutputQuantity_of_Fruits_and_Nuts_OutputPrice_of_Miscellaneous_Crops_OutputQuantity_of_Miscellaneous_Crops_OutputPrice_of_Farm_Related_OutputQuantity_of_Farm_Related_OutputPrice_of_Total_Farm_InputQuantity_of_Total_Farm_InputPrice_of_All_Capital_InputQuantity_of_All_Capital_InputPrice_of_Durable_Equipment_InputQuantity_of_Durable_Equipment_InputPrice_of_Service_Buildings_Capital_InputQuantity_of_Service_Buildings_Capital_InputPrice_of_Land_Capital_InputQuantity_of_Land_Capital_InputPrice_of_Inventories_InputQuantity_of_Inventories_InputTotal_Price_of_Labor_InputTotal_Quantity_of_Labor_InputPrice_of_Hired_Labor_InputQuantity_of_Hired_Labor_InputPrice_of_Self_Employed_and_Unpaid_Family_Labor_InputQuantity_of_Self_Employed_and_Unpaid_Family_Labor_InputPrice_of_All_Intermediate_Goods_InputQuantity_of_All_Intermediate_Goods_InputPrice_of_Feed_and_Seed_InputQuantity_of_Feed_and_Seed_InputPrice_of_Energy_InputQuantity_of_Energy_InputPrice_of_Fertilizer_and_Lime_InputQuantity_of_Fertilizer_and_Lime_InputPrice_of_Pesticides_InputQuantity_of_Pesticides_InputPrice_of_Purchased_Services_InputQuantity_of_Purchased_Services_InputPrice_of_Miscellaneous_Intermediate_Good_InputQuantity_of_Miscellaneous_Intermediate_Goods_Input
2005126153411071971499601267141282481135503187631439211200701172481149981304131188341261534158631117725167611312951285016436912203314233611385351545021137541128301882014371114918
19740.71505330.49762220.42509760.55170740.697840.9726471.3966591270661.281770.6286190.3792360.71140000.3856780.382743740.46750730.3252450.1991170.66347410.8725770.161056340.16371690.17684680.491073420.76432840.24133530.38158130.530130.3283620.283084
19670.371390150.3710290.26454640.33172540.3792930.43659160.655360.44276100.4764470.3284190.2572010.45111630.2454010.192722970.19746230.21217650.1579830.19382020.5222250.11164700.1355220.1808770.251006140.36391900.14139920.16153810.3224650.2281210.22239
19480.411052620.37516830.27301680.31141740.9340780.45514230.744780.54194910.5427580.357210.255990.34128910.1343760.172574080.24675650.1112230.0753050.35417050.0515620.042463660.04711270.041754300.25650340.43271820.11100280.1652420.383110.12203900.111606
19720.451518420.41743580.38483950.4176980.4100550.5752050.6756910.51306220.685100.3886680.3474440.47146290.3145980.262692010.33745230.24235050.1588400.44353290.7924330.131068630.13344140.13724050.31028380.4431640.15138270.24114480.434510.25261980.252288
19890.921989630.84843320.76453730.9215490.911646111016881.2579071.1353981.11124780.88131360.72126970.89203860.82138700.722565650.98646330.88204570.9492670.96327632.3123280.4804380.4285360.4519440.771138880.92428740.51145460.52156341.241690.71354900.74189
19490.361036670.31520440.23312410.25148090.7946580.4497900.6738460.49179220.4526380.2564480.1949440.31142330.1441190.142611930.16688530.11132440.0855360.21418480.116900.042404290.04660830.041745020.24671780.39281200.11111020.1850830.373760.12203340.121877
19490.361036670.31520440.23312410.25148090.7946580.4497900.6738460.49179220.4526380.2564480.1949440.31142330.1441190.142611930.16688530.11132440.0855360.21418480.116900.042404290.04660830.041745020.24671780.39281200.11111020.1850830.373760.12203340.121877
19490.361036670.31520440.23312410.25148090.7946580.4497900.6738460.49179220.4526380.2564480.1949440.31142330.1441190.142611930.16688530.11132440.0855360.21418480.116900.042404290.04660830.041745020.24671780.39281200.11111020.1850830.373760.12203340.121877
19490.361036670.31520440.23312410.25148090.7946580.4497900.6738460.49179220.4526380.2564480.1949440.31142330.1441190.142611930.16688530.11132440.0855360.21418480.116900.042404290.04660830.041745020.24671780.39281200.11111020.1850830.373760.12203340.121877