US Low Birth Weight Live Births

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The US Low Birth Weight Live Births dataset includes data about low birth weight and very low birth weight in the United States by detailed race and Hispanic origin of newborns between 1970 and 2015.

Complexity

The US Low Birth Weight Live Births dataset lists low birth weight percentage among live births by race and very low birth weight percentage among live births by race.
Live Births are classified as low birth weight when the weight of the newborn is under 2,500 grams and as very low birth weight when the weight of the newborn is under 1,500 grams.
Live births with unknown birth weight are excluded from calculations and Prior to 1993, data from states that did not report Hispanic origin on the birth certificate were excluded

Low Birth Weight (LBW) is either caused by preterm birth (that is, a lower gestational age at birth, commonly defined as younger than 37 weeks of gestation) or the infant being small for gestational age (that is, a slow prenatal growth rate), or a combination of both.

In general, risk factors in the mother that may contribute to low birth weight include young ages, multiple pregnancies, previous LBW infants, poor nutrition, heart disease or hypertension, untreated coeliac disease, drug addiction, alcohol abuse, and insufficient prenatal care. Environmental risk factors include smoking, lead exposure, and other types of air pollutions.

Date Created

2017-05

Last Modified

2017-05

Version

2017-05

Update Frequency

Irregular

Temporal Coverage

N/A

Spatial Coverage

United States

Source

John Snow Labs => US National Center for Health Statistics

Source License URL

John Snow Labs Standard License

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Low Birthweight, US Low Birthweight, Newborn Weight, Unmarried Women, Low Birthweight by Races

Other Titles

Low Birthweight Live Births in The United States, US Very Low Birthweight Live Births

Name Description Type Constraints
YearYear of statisticsdaterequired : 1
Percent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_All_Races_Live_BirthsPercentage of low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) to live births of all races and origins.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_White_Live_BirthsPercentage of low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) to white live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Black_Live_BirthsPercentage of low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) to Black or African American live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_American_Indian_or_Ak_Live_BirthsPercentage of low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) to American Indian or Alaska native live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Apia_Live_BirthsPercentage of low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) to Asian or Pacific Islander live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Hispanic_or_Latina_Live_BirthsPercentage of low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) to Hispanic or Latina live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Mexican_Live_BirthsPercentage of low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) to Mexican live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Puerto_Rican_Live_BirthsPercentage of low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) to Puerto Rican live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Cuban_Live_BirthsPercentage of low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) to Cuban live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Casa_Live_BirthsPercentage of low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) to central and south American live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Other_Hispanic_Live_BirthsPercentage of low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) to other and unknown Hispanic or Latina live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_White_Not_His_Or_Lat_Live_BirthsPercentage of low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) to white but not Hispanic or Latina live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Black_Not_His_Or_Lat_Live_BirthsPercentage of low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) to black but not Hispanic or Latina live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_All_Races_Live_BirthsPercentage of very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) to live births of all races and origins.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_White_Live_BirthsPercentage of very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) to white live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Black_Live_BirthsPercentage of very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) to Black or African American live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_American_Indian_or_Ak_Live_BirthsPercentage of very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) to American Indian or Alaska native live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Apia_Live_BirthsPercentage of very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) to Asian or Pacific Islander live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Hispanic_or_Latina_Live_BirthsPercentage of very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) to Hispanic or Latina live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Mexican_Live_BirthsPercentage of very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) to Mexican live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Puerto_Rican_Live_BirthsPercentage of very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) to Puerto Rican live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Cuban_Live_BirthsPercentage of very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) to Cuban live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Casa_Live_BirthsPercentage of very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) to central and south American live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Other_Hispanic_Live_BirthsPercentage of very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) to other and unknown Hispanic or Latina live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_White_Not_His_Or_Lat_Live_BirthsPercentage of very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) to white but not Hispanic or Latina live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
Percent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Black_Not_His_Or_Lat_Live_BirthsPercentage of very low birth weight (under 1,500 grams) to black but not Hispanic or Latina live births in the United States.numberlevel : Ratio
YearPercent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_All_Races_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_White_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Black_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_American_Indian_or_Ak_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Apia_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Hispanic_or_Latina_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Mexican_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Puerto_Rican_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Cuban_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Casa_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Other_Hispanic_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_White_Not_His_Or_Lat_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Black_Not_His_Or_Lat_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_All_Races_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_White_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Black_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_American_Indian_or_Ak_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Apia_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Hispanic_or_Latina_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Mexican_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Puerto_Rican_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Cuban_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Casa_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Other_Hispanic_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_White_Not_His_Or_Lat_Live_BirthsPercent_of_Very_Low_Birth_Weight_to_Black_Not_His_Or_Lat_Live_Births
19707.936.8513.907.971.170.952.400.98
19757.386.2713.196.411.160.922.400.95
19757.386.2713.196.411.160.922.400.95
19757.386.2713.196.411.160.922.400.95
19757.386.2713.196.411.160.922.400.95
19757.386.2713.196.411.160.922.400.95
19757.386.2713.196.411.160.922.400.95
19757.386.2713.196.411.160.922.400.95
19757.386.2713.196.411.160.922.400.95
19757.386.2713.196.411.160.922.400.95