Motor Vehicle Fatal Crashes by Posted Speed Limit

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The dataset contains information on the motor vehicle fatalities on U.S. roads with various conditions of speed limits. National Transportation Statistics presents statistics on the U.S. transportation system, including its physical components, safety record, economic performance, the human and natural environment, and national security.

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The Highway Statistics Series consists of annual reports containing analyzed statistical information on motor fuel, motor vehicle registrations, driver licenses, highway user taxation, highway mileage, travel, and highway finance. Most highway data are submitted by the States directly to Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Each State’s data is analyzed for completeness, reasonableness, consistency, and compliance with data reporting instructions contained in “A Guide to Reporting Highway Statistics”. While the Office of Highway Policy Information of FHWA is responsible for preparation of this publication, a number of the statistical summaries are prepared by other units within the FHWA This dataset contains information on motor vehicle fatalities and fatal crashes, based on data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). Crash and injury statistics are based on data from the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) General Estimates System (GES). The NASS GES is a probability based sample of police-reported crashes from 60 locations across the country, from which estimates of national totals for injury and property-damage-only crashes are derived. Transportation’s safety record, giving data on accidents, crashes, fatalities, and injuries for each transportation mode and hazardous materials. Compiled and published by the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), National Transportation Statistics presents information on the U.S. transportation system, including its physical components, safety record, economic performance, energy use, and environmental impacts.

Motor vehicle travel is a major means of transportation in the United States, providing an unparalleled degree of mobility. Yet for all its advantages, motor vehicle crashes were the leading cause of death for children age 10 and young people 16 to 23 in 2015. The mission of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is to reduce deaths, injuries, and economic losses from motor vehicle crashes. A downward trend is most pronounced with respect to highest-severity crashes, which declined 16.8 percent over that decade. However, the number of fatal crashes have increased 7.0 percent from 2014 to 2015. There was also a 4.1 percent increase in non-fatal injury crashes, a 3.7 percent increase in property-damage-only crashes, and a 3.8 overall increase in the total police-reported crashes. This was a statistically significant increase in the number of non-fatal crashes from 2014 to 2015.

Date Created

2016-10-01

Last Modified

2017-10-10

Version

2017-10-10

Update Frequency

Irregular

Temporal Coverage

1975-2015

Spatial Coverage

United States

Source

John Snow Labs; U.S. Bureau of Transportation Statistics;

Source License URL

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

Road Fatalities, Motor vehicle Fatalities, U.S. roads, Speed Limits, Highway Fatalities, Fatal Crashes

Other Titles

Motor Vehicle Fatal Crashes by Posted Speed Limit on Roads 1975-2015, Motor Vehicle Crashes With Variation in Vehicle Speed on Roads 1975-2015

NameDescriptionTypeConstraints
YearThe year corresponding to the datadaterequired : 1
Total_Fatal_CrashesThe total number of fatal accidentsintegerrequired : 1 level : Ratio
Fatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_Under_55_MphThe number of crashes when speed limit of vehicle is under 55mphintegerlevel : Ratio
Fatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_No_Statutory_LimitThe number of crashes when speed limit of vehicle is 5,10,15,20 or 25mphintegerlevel : Ratio
Fatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_30_35_MphThe number of crashes when speed limit of vehicle is 30-35mphintegerlevel : Ratio
Fatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_40_45_MphThe number of crashes when speed limit of vehicle is 40-45mphintegerlevel : Ratio
Fatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_50_MphThe number of crashes when speed limit of vehicle is 50mphintegerlevel : Ratio
Fatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_55_Mph_AboveThe number of crashes when speed limit of vehicle is above 50mphintegerlevel : Ratio
Fatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_55_MphThe number of crashes when speed limit of vehicle is 55mphintegerlevel : Ratio
Fatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_60_MphThe number of crashes when speed limit of vehicle is 60mphintegerlevel : Ratio
Fatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_65_MphThe number of crashes when speed limit of vehicle is 65mphintegerlevel : Ratio
Fatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_70_MphThe number of crashes when speed limit of vehicle is 70mphintegerlevel : Ratio
Fatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Over_70_MphThe number of crashes when speed limit of vehicle is over 70mphintegerlevel : Ratio
Fatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_UnknownThe number of crashes when speed limit of vehicle is unknownintegerlevel : Ratio
YearTotal_Fatal_CrashesFatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_Under_55_MphFatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_No_Statutory_LimitFatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_30_35_MphFatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_40_45_MphFatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_50_MphFatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_55_Mph_AboveFatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_55_MphFatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_60_MphFatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_65_MphFatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_70_MphFatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Over_70_MphFatal_Crashes_Under_Speed_Limit_Unknown
19804528420079286585276256243120352203524853
197539161152332617609942762241160951609417833
198539196192782504789068122072188711886322311047
198539196192782504789068122072188711886322311047
198539196192782504789068122072188711886322311047
198539196192782504789068122072188711886322311047
198539196192782504789068122072188711886322311047
198539196192782504789068122072188711886322311047
198539196192782504789068122072188711886322311047
198539196192782504789068122072188711886322311047
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