US Natural Gas Prices

$0 / year

This dataset consists of natural gas prices for wellhead, imports, exports, citygate, and end-use sectors. The data also contains percentages of total volume delivered by sector.

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Natural gas occurs deep beneath the earth’s surface. It consists mainly of methane, a compound with one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms. Natural gas also contains small amounts of hydrocarbon gas liquids and nonhydrocarbon gases. We use natural gas as a fuel and to make materials and chemicals.

Natural gas prices are mainly a function of market supply and demand. Because there are limited short-term alternatives to natural gas as a fuel for heating and electricity generation during peak demand periods, changes in supply or demand over a short period may result in large price changes. Prices themselves often act to balance supply and demand.

Factors on the supply-side that affect prices include natural gas production, net imports, and underground storage levels. Increases in supply tend to pull prices down, while decreases in supply tend to push prices up. Increases in prices tend to encourage production, imports, and sales from storage inventories. Declining prices tend to have the opposite effects.

Factors on the demand-side include weather (temperatures), economic conditions, and petroleum prices. Cold weather (low temperatures) increases demand for heating, while hot weather (high temperatures) increases demand for cooling, which increases natural gas demand by electric power plants. Economic conditions influence demand for natural gas, especially by manufacturers. Demand may be moderated by petroleum fuel prices, which may be an economical substitute for natural gas for power generators, manufacturers, and large building owners. Higher demand tends to lead to higher prices, while lower demand can lead to lower prices. Increases and decreases in prices tend to reduce or increase demand.

Date Created

2017-06-30

Last Modified

2017-07-31

Version

2017-07-31

Update Frequency

Monthly

Temporal Coverage

1976-01 to 2017-05

Spatial Coverage

United States

Source

John Snow Labs => U.S. Energy Information Administration

Source License URL

John Snow Labs Standard License

Source License Requirements

N/A

Source Citation

N/A

Keywords

HGL, Natural Gas Consumption, Natural Gas Prices, LNG, Liquified Natural Gas, Gas Price, EIA

Other Titles

Liquified Natural Gas Prices, Natural Gas Prices in The United States

Name Description Type Constraints
DateMonth and year of data compilationdaterequired : 1
Wellhead_PricePrice of natural gas calculated by dividing the total reported value at the wellhead by the total quantity produced as reported by the appropriate agencies of individual producing States and the U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement. The price includes all costs prior to shipment from the lease, including gathering and compression costs, in addition to State production, severance, and similar charges. The Wellhead Price estimate has been discontinued as of January 2013. Prices are calculated in "Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet".number-
Natural_Gas_Imports_PriceNatural Gas received in the Continental United States (including Alaska) from a foreign country. Prices are calculated in "Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet".number-
Pipeline_Imports_PricePrice of natural gas imported by pipeline. Prices are calculated in "Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet".number-
LNG_Imports_PricePrice of imported LNG (Liquified Natural Gas). Prices are calculated in "Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet".number-
Natural_Gas_Exports_PriceNatural Gas deliveries out of the Continental United States and Alaska to foreign countries. Prices are calculated in "Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet".number-
Pipeline_Exports_PricePrice of natural gas exported by pipeline. Prices are calculated in "Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet".number-
Liquefied_Gas_Exports_PricePrice of exported LNG (Liquified Natural Gas). Prices are calculated in "Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet".number-
Citygate_PriceCity gate price of natural gas in U.S. Citygate is a point or measuring station at which a distributing gas utility receives gas from a natural gas pipeline company or transmission system. Prices are calculated in "Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet".number-
Price_of_Gas_Delivered_to_Residential_ConsumersThe price of gas used in private dwellings, including apartments, for heating, cooking, water heating, and other household uses. Prices are calculated in "Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet".number-
Percent_Total_Residential_SalesU.S. Natural Gas percentage of Total Residential Salesnumberlevel : Ratio
Price_of_Gas_Sold_to_Commercial_ConsumersThe price of gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services such as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; and gas used by local, State and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities. Prices are calculated in "Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet".number-
Percent_Commercial_DeliveriesPercent of Commercial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%).numberlevel : Ratio
Industrial_PriceThe price of natural gas used for heat, power, or chemical feedstock by manufacturing establishments or those engaged in mining or other mineral extraction as well as consumers in agriculture, forestry, fisheries and construction. Prices are calculated in "Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet".number-
Percent_Industrial_DeliveriesPercent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in U.S. Total Represented by the Price (%)numberlevel : Ratio
Electric_Power_PriceThe price of gas used by electricity generators (regulated utilities and non-regulated power producers) whose line of business is the generation of power. Prices are calculated in "Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet".number-
DateWellhead_PriceNatural_Gas_Imports_PricePipeline_Imports_PriceLNG_Imports_PriceNatural_Gas_Exports_PricePipeline_Exports_PriceLiquefied_Gas_Exports_PriceCitygate_PricePrice_of_Gas_Delivered_to_Residential_ConsumersPercent_Total_Residential_SalesPrice_of_Gas_Sold_to_Commercial_ConsumersPercent_Commercial_DeliveriesIndustrial_PricePercent_Industrial_DeliveriesElectric_Power_Price
1980-121.74
1980-111.76
1980-101.71
1980-091.69
1980-081.64
1980-071.64
1980-061.57
1980-051.56
1980-041.51
1980-031.46
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